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Archive for October, 2010

J. Greshem Machen’s classic “Christianity and Liberalism” is available as an audiobook over at Reformed Audio

To go to their page directly, visit http://reformedaudio.org/machen.html

I hope these guys will be able to get more full complete audio books out!

Chapter 1: Introduction [27:07]
Chapter 2: Doctrine (Part 1 of 2) [39:01]
Chapter 2: Doctrine (Part 2 of 2) [31:55]
Chapter 3: God and Man [27:53]
Chapter 4: The Bible [19:25]
Chapter 5: Christ (Part 1 of 2) [35:48]
Chapter 5: Christ (Part 2 of 2) [35:11]
Chapter 6: Salvation (Part 1 of 3) [30:43]
Chapter 6: Salvation (part 2 of 3) [21:30]
Chapter 6: Salvation (Part 3 of 3) [30:09]
Chapter 7: The Church [45:54]


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John Frame, professor of apologetics over at Reformed Theological Seminary (RTS), and a Presuppositional Apologists, gets interviewed over at Apologetics315!

Thanks to Brian Auten.

You can go directly to this post by clicking HERE

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Remember God’s Word concerning conversion and the use of the Law:

Psalm 19:7

The law of the LORD is [b](I)perfect, (J)restoring the soul;
The testimony of the LORD is (K)sure, making (L)wise the simple.

Galatians 3:24

Therefore the Law has become our tutor to lead us to Christ, so that we may be justified by faith.

How did Jesus used the Law in evangelism?

(Also seen in other Gospel account: Matthew 19:16-30, Luke 18:18-30)

I.  Who was the man that came to Jesus?

a.       According to Luke 18:18 account, he was “a certain ruler

b.      According to Luke 18:23, he was “extremely rich”

c.       According to Mark 10:22 and Matthew 19:22, he “owned much property”

II.   The question

a.       “what shall I do to inherit eternal life?” (v.17b)

III. The man’s view of Jesus

a.       He believed Jesus can answer his question: “what shall I do to inherit eternal life?

b.      He saw Jesus as a good teacher (Mark 10:17)

c.       Jesus was so worthy as a good teacher, that this young man ran to Jesus (Mark 10:17)

d.      Probably did not believe that Jesus was God, given Jesus response of why did he call Jesus good, and that only God is good.

IV.  The dilemma

a.       Given that he did not believe Jesus was God, this man probably thought we can be good by human effort.

b.      In light of the above, it is disturbing that the man said “what shall I do…” concerning receiving eternal life.

–>CONTRA Ephesians 2:8-9

V. The Way of the Master

a.       In order for the guy to understand how to inherit eternal life, Jesus challenged the rich young ruler’s concept of goodness

i.      Only God is good: “And Jesus said to him, ‘Why do you call Me good?  No one is good except God alone.” (Mark 10:18)

ii.      If Only God is good, and man is not God, therefore, man cannot be truly good.

b.      In order for the guy to understand how to inherit eternal life, Jesus challenged the rich young ruler with the Law of God

i.      “”You know the commandments, ‘DO NOT MURDER, DO NOT COMMIT ADULTERY, DO NOT STEAL, DO NOT BEAR FALSE WITNESS, Do not defraud, HONOR YOUR FATHER AND MOTHER.’”” (Mark 10:19)

1.      Jesus appeal to the Laws of God as something the man should know: “You know the commandments”

a.       He should know it from the Old Testament

b.      And everyone who does not know the Scriptures also know the laws of God in their hearts (Romans 2:14-15a)

2.      These commandments were quoted from Exodus 20:12-16 and Deuteronomy 5:16-20.

VI. The response

a.       “And he said to Him, “Teacher, I have kept (B)all these things from my youth up.” (Mark 10:20)

b.      There is an amount of self-deceptive self-righteousness, in light of the Old Testament teaching that none is righteous (Psalms 14:1-3; 53:1-3)

VII. The Way of the Master Continued

a.       In order for the guy to understand how to inherit eternal life, Jesus applied the two Greatest commandments specifically to the situation to unmask the self-deceptive self-righteousness:

i.      “Looking at him, Jesus felt a love for him and said to him, “One thing you lack: go and sell all you possess and give to the poor, and you will have (C)treasure in heaven; and come, follow Me.” (Mark10:21)

1.      Applying the greatest commandment to love God with all of our heart, mind, and soul.

a.       In light of this, if God demanded that anyone were to follow him everywhere, that individual should do it.

b.      Jesus applied and made it specific to this individual to show the man God’s requirement of the Greatest commandment when Jesus said, “and come, follow Me.’”

2.      Applying the second greatest commandment to others as yourself.

a.       To love others as yourself is like wrapping  your entire skin around somebody, and saying they are you.

b.      In light of this, if you truly love others as yourself, then you will treat them as you would want to be treated.

c.       Jesus applied and made it specific to this individual to show the man God’s requirement of the Greatest commandment when Jesus said, “go and sell all you possess and give to the poor,’”

VIII. The response to the Way of the Master is not always salvation

a.       “But at these words he was saddened, and he went away grieving, for he was one who owned much property. “ (Mark 10:22)

b.      But they are no longer self-deceptive of their own righteousness, and come to realize their need for a Savior.

IX. What the Way of the Master does

a.       It leads one to realize how hard it is to enter the kingdom of God by self-righteousness

i.      He emphasized this by saying it twice: “And Jesus, looking around, said to His disciples, “(D)How hard it will be for those who are wealthy to enter the kingdom of God!” 24The disciples (E)were amazed at His words. But Jesus answered again and said to them, “Children, how hard it is to enter the kingdom of God!” (Mark 10:23-24)

ii.      He illustrated it his point: “It is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle than for a rich man to enter the kingdom of God.” (Mark 10:25)

b.      It leads one to wonder how one can be saved

i. “They were even more astonished and said to Him, “Then who can be saved?”” (Mark 10:26)

1. Note that there is no sense of self-reliance in this question

c. It leads one to here of what God has done

i.      “Looking at them, Jesus said, “(G)With people it is impossible, but not with God; for all things are possible with God.”” (Mark 10:27)

X. The motive and manner of the Way of the Master

a.       Motive influences the manner in which we evangelize the Master’s Way

b.      Love: “Looking at him, Jesus felt a love for him and said to him, “One thing you lack: go and sell all you possess and give to the poor, and you will have (C)treasure in heaven; and come, follow Me.” (Mark 10:21)

c.       Centered on God’s righteousness instead of man: “Looking at them, Jesus said, “(G)With people it is impossible, but not with God; for all things are possible with God.”” (Mark 10:27)

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Child Bride in Islam

I. QUR’AN ON SEX WITH PREPUBESCENT GIRLS

Qur’an 65:4 (Shakir)—And (as for) those of your women who have despaired of menstruation, if you have a doubt, their prescribed time shall be three months, and of those too who have not had their courses; and (as for) the pregnant women, their prescribed time is that they lay down their burden; and whoever is careful of (his duty to) Allah He will make easy for him his affair.

Qur’an 65:4 (Hilali-Khan)—And those of your women as have passed the age of monthly courses, for them the ‘Iddah (prescribed period), if you have doubts (about their periods), is three months, and for those who have no courses [(i.e. they are still immature) their 'Iddah (prescribed period) is three months likewise, except in case of death] . And for those who are pregnant (whether they are divorced or their husbands are dead), their ‘Iddah (prescribed period) is until they deliver (their burdens), and whosoever fears Allah and keeps his duty to Him, He will make his matter easy for him.

Qur’an 33:49 (Hilali-Khan)—O you who believe! When you marry believing women, and then divorce them before you have sexual intercourse with them, no ‘Iddah [divorce prescribed period, see (V.65:4)] have you to count in respect of them. So give them a present, and set them free i.e. divorce, in a handsome manner.

II. COMMENTARY ON 65:4

Tafsir Ibn Kathir (on Qur’an 65:4)—Allah the Exalted clarifies the waiting period of the woman in menopause. And that is the one whose menstruation has stopped due to her older age. Her `Iddah is three months instead of the three monthly cycles for those who menstruate, which is based upon the Ayah in (Surat) Al-Baqarah. [see 2:228] The same for the young, who have not reached the years of menstruation. Their `Iddah is three months like those in menopause.

Tafsir al-Jalalayn (on Qur’an 65:4)—And [as for] those of your women who (read allà’ï or allà’i in both instances) no longer expect to menstruate, if you have any doubts, about their waiting period, their prescribed [waiting] period shall be three months, and [also for] those who have not yet menstruated, because of their young age, their period shall [also] be three months.

Tafsir Ibn Abbas (on Qur’an 65:4)—(And for such of your women as despair of menstruation) because of old age, (if ye doubt) about their waiting period, (their period (of waiting) shall be three months) upon which another man asked: “O Messenger of Allah! What about the waiting period of those who do not have menstruation because they are too young?” (along with those who have it not) because of young age, their waiting period is three months.

Maududi, Tafhim al-Qur’an (on Qur’an 65:4)—Here, one should bear in mind the fact that according to the explanations given in the Quran the question of the waiting period arises in respect of the women with whom marriage may have been consummated, for there is no waiting-period in case divorce is pronounced before the consummation of marriage. (Al-Ahzab: 49). Therefore, making mention of the waiting-period for the girls who have not yet menstruated, clearly proves that it is not only permissible to give away the girl in marriage at this age but it is also permissible for the husband to consummate marriage with her. Now, obviously no Muslim has the right to forbid a thing which the Quran has held as permissible.

III. HADITH ON MUHAMMAD’S RELATIONSHIP WITH AISHA

Sahih al-Bukhari 3895—“. . . and he consummated that marriage when she was nine years old.”

Sahih al-Bukhari 5133—“. . . and he consummated his marriage when she was nine years old.”

Sahih Muslim 3309—“. . . and I was admitted to his house at the age of nine.”

Sahih Muslim 3311—“ . . . and she was taken to his house as a bride when she was nine, and her dolls were with her . . .”

Sunan Abu Dawud 2116—“Aisha said: . . . He had intercourse with me when I was nine years old.”

Sahih al-Bukhari 6130—“Narrated Aishah: ‘I used to play with the dolls in the presence of the Prophet’ . . . The playing with the dolls and similar images is forbidden, but it was allowed for ‘Aisha at that time, as she was a little girl, not yet reached the age of puberty. (Fateh-al-Bari page 143, Vol.13).”

Sahih al-Bukhari 5236—“Narrated Aishah: The Prophet was screening me with his Rida . . . So you may deduce from this event how a little girl (who has not reached the age of puberty) . . . should be treated in this respect.”

(HT: AnsweringMuslims)

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