Archive for July, 2011


I.                    Why should Christians know the details about the chapters and the entire Book of the verse we are studying?

a.       The importance of having the bigger picture

i.      Rather than grasping individual and isolated trees of facts, we need to have the ‘forest’ of Biblical truths.

b.      The verses in which an individual study, along with its immediate contexts, are part of a larger whole.

i.      There is a reason why the verse was written, and it was written from the reason that arises out of the need addressed in the context of the chapter and the book in the Bible.

1.      Why was the verse written? The relationship between the verse and its chapters and book context can give us more insight and understanding.

c.       Earlier in Session nine it outlined how each verse shares a relationship with other verses.  In the same fashion, but at a larger scale, the other verses or paragraphs in the Book or Chapters are related somehow to the verse and its immediate context.

II.                 Principles One through Six in Session Nine ought to be applied for the verses in the entire chapter or Book

a.       This is no easy task and takes time, but the fruit of this would be greatly rewarded if it can be done.

b.      This is why its important to study Scripture in an exegetical and verse-by-verse fashion.

III.               Further principle: Knowing historical details of the Book

a.       Sometimes it is important to also have more historical background for the particular book of the Bible.

i.      This can be gleamed from the pages of the Book itself.

ii.      This may also require outside sources and references such as commentaries, Encyclopedias, Bible Handbooks, etc.

b.       This additional historical background information can correct faulty interpretation or aid in properly interpreting a passage of Scripture.


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Steve Hays, the big contributor behind the impressive Triablogue, where they battle unbelief everyday, has loaded up a PDF of his Master’s Thesis that he wrote under John Frame.

The thesis is on Apostasy in Pastoral Theology.  You can access the PDF directly by clicking HERE.

It comes in at 267 pages long!

I have yet to read it; seems like this week on Veritas Domain we have two entry on free things from Steve Hays!

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This video is rather sobering.

Our fellow brothers and sisters in Christ deserve our prayers…that God be with them, that God protect them and use them to bring others to Christ.

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This is put out by Monergism.com!

God’s Canon – New! –
by Steve Hays

Available in Kindle .mobi and ePub formats

Traditionally, the case for the Protestant canon has emphasized external lines of evidence (e.g. Josephus, church fathers), as well as the witness of the Spirit. And that remains a valid line of evidence.

More recently, however, many scholars have been giving close attention to the intertextuality of Scripture as well as the paratextuality of the canon. That’s a neglected line of internal evidence for the canon of Scripture. And it dovetails with the self-witness of Scripture.

The chapters in this book emphasize the self-attestation of Scripture to the canon of Scripture via intratextual, intertextual, and paratextual lines of evidence. The Bible is far more self-contained and self-referential than first meets the eye.

To the degree that the canon of Scripture is grounded in the self-witness of Scripture, we have not only a canon of infallible books, but an infallible canon–where one infallible book implicitly bears witness to another (or other) infallible book(s), through a tapestry of allusions, foreshadowings, and other types of cross-attestation.

For more e-books from Monergism, click here

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For most people the nature of film allows one to be less discerning concerning the message and underlining worldview that is being communicated through the movie itself.  Sometimes parents think that just because a  film  is rated G or PG that would mean that it would automatically safe or great for kids.  While a kids movie might not have certain sins shown, that does not mean that there is not an underlining worldview behind it that’s being communicated.  Take for instance the Pixar hit Cars, and it’s sequel Cars 2.

American Vision has a review that I thought was pretty good of the first Cars, several years ago:

This is a review of Cars II:

Last but not least, what one secular writer thinks which parents should consider, of how Cars II might encourage kids in the wrong way.

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Over at “The Continuing Story”, a blog which features the primary sources on Presbyterianism, they have recently concluded a series in which they posted up the interaction between Oliver Buswell, Francis Schaeffer and Cornelius Van Til concerning Presuppositional Apologetics, as taught by Van Til.

This is a great archive series for those who are interested in the historical side of Presuppositional Apologetics!

1. Buswell, J. Oliver, Jr., “The Arguments from Nature to God: Presuppositionalism and Thomas Aquinas—A Book Review with Excursions,” The Bible Today 41.8 (May 1948): 235-248.
2. Schaeffer, Francis A., “A Review of a Review,” The Bible Today 42.1 (October 1948): 7-9.
3. Buswell, J. Oliver, Jr., “The Fountainhead of Presuppositionalism,” The Bible Today 42.2 (November 1948): 41-64.
4. Young, G. Douglas, “Dr. Young’s Letter”, The Bible Today 42.2 (November 1948): 65.
5. Buswell, J. Oliver, Jr., “Warfield vs. Presuppositionalism,” The Bible Today 42.6 (March 1949): 182-192.
6. Van Til, Cornelius, “Presuppositionalism,” The Bible Today 42.7 (April 1949): 218-228.
7. Anonymous, “Presuppositionalism,” The Bible Today 42.8 (May 1949): 261.
8. Van Til, Cornelius, “Presuppositionalism Concluded,” The Bible Today 42.9 (June-September 1949): 278-290.

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I.                    This outline will focus on the general principles of interpreting a sentence in Scripture within itself and also in light of other surrounding sentences.

II.                 Opening principle: Every word is in Scripture for a reason

a.       Not only is every word important, but even the details of the letters are important

i.      “I tell you the truth, until heaven and earth disappear, not the smallest letter, not the least stroke of a pen,will by any means disappear from the Law until everything is accomplished.” (Matthew 5:18)

III.               The Application of the Historical-Grammatical Hermeneutic

a.       To properly interpret the Bible one must be faithful to Scripture historically and grammatically.

IV.              Principle One: Know the meaning of every word in the text

a.       This must be the case whether one does a light devotion or a heavy exegetical study.

i.      If you are doing devotion, you might just want to make sure you know what every word means.

ii.      Or if you are doing a heavy study, you might define in your own words every single word of the passage, consult references such as theological dictionaries, original language lexicons, etc.

V.                 Principle Two: Identity any relationship that a word has to other words

a.       Are there any words that share some sort of grammatical relationship?

i.      If so, which words?

ii.      What are their relationships?

b.      Common types of this are adverbs and adjectives.

VI.              Principle Three: Identify the purpose of each word in the sentence.

a.       Identify the following types of words (not an exhaustive list):

i.      Nouns

1.      What kind of nouns?

2.      Plural or Singular?

ii.      Pronouns

iii.      Verbs

1.      What tense is it?

2.      Active or Passive?

iv.      Adverbs

v.      Prepositions

vi.      Participles

vii.      Conjunctives

VII.            Principle Four: Identify the main words in the Sentence

a.       These main words are the ‘skeleton’ of the sentence so to speak.

b.      If you know how and when it is possible, diagram the sentence

c.       Every sentence has a subject, main verb.

Can you identify them?

d.      Some sentence might have conjunctions (and, but), direct object, indirect object.

i.      Can you identify them?

VIII.         Principle Five: Apply Principles One through Four with the surrounding verses as well

IX.              Principle Six: Determine the relationship with the verse with other verses in its context

a.       Questions to ask

i.      Is the verse qualifying the previous verse?

ii.      Is the verse providing more details for the previous verse?

iii.      Is the verse the beginning of a new topic for the following verses?

iv.      Is the verse part of the argument that was developing in the previous verses?

v.      Is the verse the beginning of an argument that continues for the following verses?

vi.      Is the verses the conclusion of an argument in previous verses?

b.      Look for words or phrases that might connect the verse with the verses around it.

i.      The purpose of this is to find how the verse relates to the other verses.

1.      Words include examples such as: And, if, but, since, therefore, in conclusion, because, hence, etc

a.       These words show us how the verses relate to other words.

b.      By understanding this, we gain more truths and insight into the meaning of a particular verse.

c.       Logic serves as the governing ‘grammatical’ rule in how verses relate to one another

i.      The relationship between a particular verse with its surrounding verses can be described as logical.

ii.      All throughout Scripture, the Bible observes logical laws such as the law of non-contradiction and marshal valid arguments in the structure of Modus Tollens, etc.

iii.      It is important that a Christian be logical to properly see how the verses relate to one another.[1]

X.                 Reminder: It is not all going to be easy, but you will be blessed

a.       All the above is not easy and can be quite a task

i.      But the fruit of it, God will bless you with understanding and insight!

b.      If its too difficult, pray and keep on practicing

i.      Ask God for help, for wisdom in studying

ii.      Keep on practicing by His grace, knowing that His Word is clear and the Spirit enables.

[1] Needless to say, for those who are serious, studying logic is not necessarily unbiblical but if it is pursued with the right motive and done in the right fashion, can be glorifying to God and quite edifying for the Christian mind.


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