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Archive for July 15th, 2012

NOTE: The following is the outline I used when I teach people on how I evangelize to Muslim.

I. Introductory Matters

a. Why this lesson is important.

i.      Islam is going to be more and more on the news for the West.

1. The issue of Radicalism.

a. Quasi-international scene: Al Qaeda style terror.

b. Local radical clerics in the West.

2. The issue of Tolerance.

a. For Muslims.

 i.      People taking their frustration with Islamic terror on random law abiding muslims.

ii.      A general Xenophobia.

b. From Muslims.

i.      Muhammad Drawing.

ii.      Murdering apostates, Christian converts, etc.

ii.      Globalization will bring us face to face with Muslims on the internet, at work, tourism and your neighborhood.

1. Muslim propagation will bring more people to their faith.

2. Immigration will bring Muslims around the world.

iii.      Christians are called to understand the times, and evangelize everyone including Muslims.

1. Therefore, it is important one understand Islam more than some soundbites on Foxnews or articles by Huffington Post “reporters.”

2. Christians should have a general plan of how to witness and give an apologetics towards Muslims.

a. The old saying goes: “Without a plan, you have already planned to fail.”

b. Any good lawyer knows what he knows and what he does not know and makes his defense plan accordingly.  Likewise, preparation with a plan makes you able to have an informed discussion with what you know, while you can also humbly admit your ignorance and willingness to learn on some other sub-topic on Islam with a Muslim.

b. Purpose of this lesson: Give a guide for the Christian of how to defend the faith when it comes to the concerns of Islam, so that you can be an effective witness to your Muslim friend.

c. Important terms and individuals.

i.      Allah The Islamic/Arabic word for God.

ii.      Quran- Islam’s Scripture, believed by Muslims to contain the Word of God.

iii.      Surah- Chapters in the Quran.

iv.      Mohammed- Founder of Islam, the last major prophet according to it’s teaching.

v.      Abdullah Yusuf Ali- Translator of the Quran, whose English version is the most popular in use.

vi.      People of the Book: Jews and Christians, because they follow the Bible.

II. An Evangelistic and Apologetic Method

a. Important Methodological principles.

i.      Principle 1: The Bible is the Word of God.

ii.      Principle 2: Islam’s teachings contradict the fundamentals of the Bible.

1. Denial of the Trinity (Surah 112).

2. Jesus did not die on the cross.(Surah 4:157)

iii.      Principle 3: Muslims believed the written Bible has been corrupted and changed (deleted, additions).

iv.      Principle 4: The Quran does not teach the written Bible has been corrupted and changed but rather it teaches the Bible’s is authoratitive and remains.

1. This does not mean the Quran does not teach that men have twist the reading (INTERPRETATION) of the Bible.

2. Some Muslims will be surprised themselves when they hear you say this.

3. Controversial claim that the rest of this outline will seek to explore more.

b. The Strategy

i.      The game plan

1. The main goal is to share the gospel from God’s Word.

a. Why: God’s Word is what changes people’s heart from unbelief to belief!

b. Share about God as Creator, man as sinner, Jesus Christ as Savior, etc.

c. You can use the “Bridge”, Romans Road, the Way of the Master, etc.

2. When the Muslim object at any point in the presentation that a doctrine goes contrary to the Quran, ask them where in the Quran it says it.

a. Why: To challenge the Muslim to examine their own beliefs in light of the authority of the Quran in their worldview, and to see whether or not a certain belief they hold to is based upon the Quran.

b. Feel free to use the index of the Quran to look things up.

3. Then show from the Bible where you as a Christian get your belief.

a. Why: This exposes them to the Word of God, which does not go forth void.  It also shows that what you believe in is not just your opinion but taught from the Bible.

b. Hopefully, you know the Bible well enough to show where you get your beliefs from!

4. When the Muslim object that the writing of the Bible has been corrupted, changed, etc., ask if the Quran teaches this, and where does one find this teaching.

a. Why: Asking them puts the burden of proof on them and makes them think about what the Quran teaches about the Bible.

b. Be gracious: let him or her use the index of the Quran to look things up without attacking them that they don’t know their Quran.

5.  Showthat the Quran does not teach the Bible has been corrupted in two ways:

a. Refuting how their Quranic proof text does not teach the WRITING of the Bible has been corrupted.

b. Presenting verses from the Quran that presupposes the authority and perseverance of the Bible as the Word of God.

6. Press the antithesis to the Muslim that when the Quran’s teaching contradict the Bible, it’s Islam that the Quran itself is in trouble for being inconsistent with the Bible, and not the Bible itself.

a. Reasoning

i.      If the Quran has a high view of the Bible’s authority and perseverance,

ii.      And the Bible warns against teaching going contrary to the Bible,

iii.      So when the Quran contradicts the Bible,

iv.      By the basis of the Quran’s view of the Bible, Islam itself is incoherent.

b. Illustration: If someone said she’s finished custom knitting an outfit for your baby in one week, and it turns out that what she gave to you was too small for your child, the problem is not with the baby but with outfit that was claimed to fit neatly the child.  In the same way, the Quran is like the baby outfit.

7. Continue with the Gospel, repeat cycle if an objection to the Gospel is raised again.

ii.      Illustration of the General strategy:

The Marines in 2003 had the object of heading toward Baghdad.  They only fight when there are obstacles along the way.  After they clear the obstacle hindering them, they continue on toward their objective.  Since the Christian’s main goal is to share the gospel, removing the obstacle is not the goal in of itself, but for the purpose that one can get back towards sharing the gospel without any rational/irrational resistance.

III. Survey of the Quran’s affirmation of the Bible

a. The Quran does teach the Bible is the Word of God that has not disappeared

i.      Muslims are to believe in the Bible (Surah 29:46)

And dispute ye not with the People of the Book, except with means better (than mere disputation), unless it be with those of them who inflict wrong (and injury): but say, “We believe in the revelation which has come down to us and in that which came down to you; Our Allah and your Allah is one; and it is to Him we bow (in Islam).” 

      1. In context, the verse earlier (v.45), the Quran exhorted Muslims to recite “the book of inspiration to you.”
      2. Then in this verse, it tells Muslims not to “dispute” with the the People of the Book (Jews and Christians).
      3. This verse then tells the Muslim to say the People of the Book that Muslims also believe “believe in the revelation which has come down to us and in that which came down to you…”
      4. Muslims during the writing of the Quran are to believe the revelation that has been given to them in the Bible.

ii.      Koran is to be tested by previous revelation (Surah 5:46-48)

v.46  And in their footsteps We sent Jesus the son of Mary, confirming the Law that had come before him: We sent him the Gospel: therein was guidance and light, and confirmation of the Law that had come before him: a guidance and an admonition to those who fear Allah.

V.47 Let the people of the Gospel judge by what Allah hath revealed therein. If any do fail to judge by (the light of) what Allah hath revealed, they are (no better than) those who rebel.

V.48 To thee We sent the Scripture in truth, confirming the scripture that came before it, and guarding it in safety: so judge between them by what Allah hath revealed, and follow not their vain desires, diverging from the Truth that hath come to thee. To each among you have we prescribed a law and an open way. If Allah had so willed, He would have made you a single people, but (His plan is) to test you in what He hath given you: so strive as in a race in all virtues. The goal of you all is to Allah; it is He that will show you the truth of the matters in which ye dispute;

      1. Note in verse 46, Jesus had to confirm the Law that was before Him.
      2. Then in verse 47, there is the call for the “people of the Gospel” (Christians) to judge the teaching of Islam.
      3. Verse 48 explains that the basis would be with pervious revelation (Old Testament, New Testament Gospels cf v.46-47) since “To thee We sent the Scripture in truth, confirming the scripture that came before it, and guarding it in safety:”

iii.      The Quran teaches the Bible will not be abrogated or forgotten (Surah 2:106)

None of Our revelations do We abrogate or cause to be forgotten, but We substitute something better or similar: Knowest thou not that Allah Hath power over all things?”

      1. Previous verses in our survey above establish that the Bible is the revelation of God
      2. This verse teaches these “revelations” will not be abrogated nor forgotten.

IV. Survey of possible Quran’s denial of the authority and perseverance of the written Bible

Remember: The Quran does teach that men have twist the reading (INTERPRETATION) of the Bible.  What needs to be proven is that the Bible has been changed in it’s writing.

a. Surah 3:78

“There is among them a section who distort the Book with their tongues: (As they read) you would think it is a part of the Book, but it is no part of the Book; and they say, “That is from Allah,” but it is not from Allah: It is they who tell a lie against Allah, and (well) they know it!”

i.      This text does not say the writing of the Bible has been changed.

ii.      Rather, this verse teaches that people distort the teaching of the Book “with their tongues.

iii.      Then the verse also describe “how they say…” which means the verbal interpretation was twisted not the written content.

iv.      These word twisters apparently “tell a lie against Allah, and (well) they know it!”

1. In order for someone to lie, they have to know they are not aligning with the truth, and thus have an idea of what the truth is to begin with.

2. Which means that the “Book” is still a possible source of truth.

b. Surah 2:59

“But the transgressors changed the word from that which had been given them; so We sent on the transgressors a plague from heaven, for that they infringed (Our command) repeatedly.”

i.      This text does not say the writing of the Bible has been changed.

ii.      It does mention “the transgressors changed the word from that which had been given them…”

iii.      Then in the context, the next verse (2:60) it quotes from Exodus 17:6 (Moses striking the rock), showing that the Quran still appeal to the Bible.

iv.      Verse 59 cannot teach the Word of God in writing is changed since later in verse 62, the Quran appeal to the Jewish Scripture as a means of salvation:

“Those who believe (in the Qur’an), and those who follow the Jewish (scriptures), and the Christians and the Sabians,- any who believe in Allah and the Last Day, and work righteousness, shall have their reward with their Lord; on them shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve.”

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