a. Following the Noahic Covenant, the next Covenant God makes is the Abrahamic Covenant.
b. Be conscious of one’s hermeneutics
i. The same principles (hermeneutics) in interpreting the Noahic Covenant will be employed here as well.
ii. Beware of sudden shifts in heremenutical principles when we move away to other Covenants after the Noahic.
iii. Be aware of hermeneutical consistencies, beware of hermeneutical inconsistencies.
II. Setting of passages on the Abrahamic Covenant
a. Abram’s call out of his country (Genesis 12:1-3)
b.Abram after parting of ways with Lot (Genesis 13:14-17)
c. Actual Land Grant Covenant (Genesis 15:18-21)
d. Covenant ceremony (Genesis 17:1-27)
i. Genesis 12:1
ii. Genesis 13:14
i. “And I will bless those who bless you, and the one who curses you I will curse…” (Genesis 12:3a-b)
a. Blessing to Abraham
i. Genesis 12:2b
ii. Genesis 17:2b
b. Abraham’s name will be great (Genesis 12:2c)
c. A great nation from Abraham’s line (Genesis 12:2a)
d. All the families of the earth will be blessed (Genesis 12:3c)
e. Promise Land forever to Abraham’s descendants
i. Genesis 13:14-15, 17
ii. Genesis 15:18-21
iii. Genesis 17:8
f. Numerous descendants (Genesis 13:16)
g. Multitude of nations from Abraham (Genesis 17:4-6)
h. Child of the Covenant promised: Issac (Genesis 17:19, 21)
a. Nation’s relationship will be reciprocated: “And I will bless those who bless you, and the one who curses you I will curse…” (Genesis 12:3a-b)
b. Renaming of Abram and Sarai (Genesis 17:5, 15)
c. Circumcision (Sign)
i. Of Descendants (Genesis 17:9-10)
ii. Of Slaves and servants (Genesis 17:12-13)
iii. Punishment if not circumcised (Genesis 17:14)
iv. This is a sign: “And you shall be circumcised in the flesh of your foreskin, and it shall be the sign of the covenant between Me and you.” (Genesis 17:11)
VI. Is the Abrahamic Covenant forever?
a. The Conditions of the Covenant explicitly states the case
i. Genesis 17:7 “I will establish My covenant between Me and you and your descendants after you throughout their generations for an everlasting covenant, to be God to you and to your descendants after you.”
ii. Other passages: Genesis 13:15, Genesis 17:13, Genesis 17:19
b. Other Old Testament indications
i. 1st Chronicles 16:16-17
ii. Psalm 105:8-11
“He has remembered His covenant forever,
The word which He commanded to a thousand generations,
The covenant which He made with Abraham,
And His oath to Isaac.
Then He confirmed it to Jacob for a statute,
To Israel as an everlasting covenant,
Saying, “To you I will give the land of Canaan
As the portion of your inheritance,”
c. New Testament indications
i. Hebrews 6:13-14, 17-18
If God can make a promise that still stand in effect in the New Testament era, how much more will God’s Covenant stand?
ii. Galatians 3:15-18
1. Covenants are forms of promises (cf. v.17)
2. Covenants can not be set aside or nullify (v.15, 17)
3. God made a covenantal promise to Abraham (v.16)
4. Therefore the Covenant to Abraham stands (v.18)