Archive for October 5th, 2013



I. Introduction

a. Last time we left off with the Davidic covenant where we learned that:

i.      Jesus will rule on the throne of David forever (Psalm 89:4)

ii.      Jesus will rule over all the earth (Jeremiah 33:15)

b. That future rule will involve subjects whom God has transformed from the inside out as promised in the New Covenant.[1]

c. The New Covenant is also called the “eternal” covenant, after the giving of the Davidic Covenant.

d. Passages: Jeremiah 31:31-34, 32:40, Ezekiel 16:60-62, 34:25-31, 37:26-28, Romans 11:25-27.

II. Elements

a. Setting

i.      Jeremiah 31:31-34 and 32:40 is in the context of God giving His hearers hope for the future after the prophecy of the Babylonian captivity.

ii.      Likewise Ezekiel 16:60-62, 34:25-31 and 37:26-28 are rays of hope in the prophecies of the future to Israel.

iii.      Romans 11:25-27 is in the context of discussing about what will happen to the Jews in light of the salvation of Gentiles.

b. Recipients

i.      The Jews

1. God says “I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah” (Jeremiah 31:31)

2. Referring to literal Jews since Jeremiah 31:32 says “their fathers in the day I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt,

ii.      Gentiles in the Church

1. Given that the Lord’s supper is the symbol of the New Covenant, the Church partakes of this as well in light of 1 Corinthians 11:25ff.

2. Paul, is a minister of the New Covenant (2 Corinthians 3:6), went to the Gentiles.

c. Promise

i.      God will put His Laws in the heart of His people: “I will put My law within them and on their heart I will write it;” (Jeremiah 31:33b; cf. 34:31)

ii.      God will have a relationship with His people: “and I will be their God, and they shall be My people” (Jeremiah 31:33c; cf. Ezekiel 34: 30-31, Ezekiel 37:27b)

iii.      God’s people will know God: “They will not teach again, each man his neighbor and each man his brother, saying, ‘Know the Lord,’ for they will all know Me, from the least of them to the greatest of them,” declares the Lord,” (Jeremiah 31:34a; cf. 34:30; Ezekiel 16:62, Ezekiel 34:27b, 30)

iv.      God will not turn away from His people: “I will make an everlasting covenant with them that I will not turn away from them…”(Jeremiah 32:40a)

v.      God will be good to His people: “…to do them good …”(Jeremiah 32:40b)

vi.      God will give them the fear of God and preserve them: “…and I will put the fear of Me in their hearts so that they will not turn away from Me.”(Jeremiah 32:40c; cf. )

vii.      Eliminate harmful beast from the land (Ezekiel 34:25, reiteration of Mosaic blessings in Leviticus 26:6)

viii.      Agricultural blessings (Ezekiel 34:26-27a; reiteration of Mosaic blessings in Leviticus 26:3-4; Deuteronomy 28:12)

ix.      God will rescue Israel from their enslavement (Ezekiel 34:27c-28)

x.      National prominence of Israel (Ezekiel 34:29)

xi.      God will also establish His sanctuary before them forever (Ezekiel 37:26b-27a, 28b)

xii.      As a result of God’s sanctuary, the nations will know Yahweh is God (Ezekiel 37:28)

d. Requirement

i.      The New Covenant is mainly the initiative of what God does in light of the numerous reference God stated of “I will.”[2]

ii.      A believer will fear God that leads to perseverance (Jeremiah 32:40)

iii.      A believer will know God.

e. Signs

i.      Lord’s supper (Luke 22:20)

VI. Is the New Covenant forever?

a. Stated as an everlasting covenant (Jeremiah 32:40, Ezekiel 16:60, Ezekiel 37:26)

b. Builds upon the foundation of other eternal Covenants when it reiterates these promises.

VII. What about the Jews today? See Romans 11:25-27.

[1] Paul Benware, Understanding End Times Prophecy, (Chicago: Moody Publishers), 71.

[2] Ibid., 71-72.


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