h. Christians can know that they are saved
i. Dilemma: The last few weeks demonstrated that God will see that a believer persevere and have eternal security, so while God can know we are saved can believers know they are saved also?
ii. Illustration: A man in the train might not be sure whether the train has enough coal to arrive at their location while the Engineer knows this and that was never in doubt. Is a similar thing the cases with a believer’s salvation or can a believer know he or she is saved?
iii. Believers can know that they are saved
1. A believer can know whether he or she is saved since scripture states this explicitly: “These things I have written to you who believe in the name of the Son of God, so that you may know that you have eternal life.” (1 John 5:13)
2. A believer can know whether he or she is saved due to the Holy Spirit’s testimony:
i. Earlier in Romans 8:11 Paul makes it clear the Holy Spirit resides in the believer.
ii. Now in verse 15, Paul indicates negatively what the Spirit does not mean and what the Spirit does mean.
1. What it does not mean: ““For you have not received a spirit of slavery [b]leading to fear again,”
2. What it means: “but you have received [c]a spirit of adoption as sons by which we cry out, “Abba! Father!”
3. Greek word for “but” is “Alla,” a strong contrast.
iii. If you are saved, this verse tells us we will know we are adopted as sons of God.
iv. Also, our spirit will cry out to Him showing we have a relationship with God.
b. “The Spirit Himself testifies with our spirit that we are children of God,” (Romans8:16)
i. There is an emphasis on “Himself,” since it is the first word in the verse thus indicating that the Spirit is the one who will do this.
ii. The tense for the Greek verb “testifies” indicates a general constant truth.
iii. The Spirit testifies “that we are children of God”
iv. This testimony by the Holy Spirit is in conjunction “with our spirit”
3. A believer can know whether he or she is saved because of Scripture’s promises to those who believe.
a. The Scripture’s relationship to Salvation
“You, however, continue in the things you have learned and become convinced of, knowing from whom you have learned them, and that from childhood you have known the sacred writings which are able to give you the wisdom that leads to salvation through faith which is in Christ Jesus.” (2 Timothy 3:14-15)
b. Promises of Salvation in the Scriptures
i. “but these have been written so that you may believe that Jesus is [a]the Christ, the Son of God; and that believing you may have life in His name.” (John 20:31)
ii. John 1:12, John 3:16, etc.