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Archive for May 10th, 2015

Part 2

Hands_of_God_and_Adam

We’re continuing with our series on a Biblical Theology of Hands.  We’ve seen earlier that Scripture often shows the Hands of the Lord is that it shows He is powerful.  Now we will see another aspect of the Hands of the Lord.

  1. The hand of the Lord is Punishing
    1. Point: When we look at what the Bible has to say about the Hand of God, we see His Divine Power is use to Punish Sin.
    2. Proof
      1. Exodus from Egypt
        1. God told Moses before it happened: “WhenPharaoh does not listen to you, then I will lay My hand on Egypt andbring out My hosts, My people the sons of Israel, from the land of Egypt by great judgments.” (Exodus 7:4)
      2. Dagon: The Hand of God versus the hands of other gods (1 Samuel 5)
        1. Verse 2:The ark is stationed by Dagon, a false god.
          1. According to Klein, the god Dagon is attested archaeologically at Ebla, Mari and Ugarit, and in Ugaritic texts, is even referred to as the father of Baal.
          2. He was probably the god of vegetation or grain.[1]
        2. Verse 3
          1. “Behold”, which in the Hebrew is “hinah”.[2]
          2. This “first prostration before the ark would seem to indicate his worship of Yahweh and the acknowledgement of his superiority.
          3. Worship or fight?
          4. A second irony is the fact that the allegedly powerful God of the Philistines has fallen and can’t get up. Then the people had to take Dagon and set him in his place!
            1. The Hebrew verb for “took” here is laqah, which was used six times in chapter four to describe the taking of the ark by the Philistines, yet here the Philistines themselves have to “take” their own god and put him in place.[3]
          5. Verse 4
            1. “Thus, the ancient mythological motif of the battle of the gods, which is present in various fragments in the Old Testament (Isa. 51; Pss 74 and 89; Isa 27), appears here at the center of a historical narrative in a non-mythological context and forms the climax of that narrative.”[4]
            2. Dagon now has no hand to act, no head to think
          6. Note how many times the Hand of the Lord is mentioned (6,7,9,11)
        3. Practice
          1. Do you think your sins will not be punished by God? Be challenged by these truths!
          2. Do you think you can get away. Be challenged by these truths!

[1] Dale Ralph Davis, 1 Samuel. Focus on the Bible Commentary. (Fearn, Great Britain: Christian Focus Publications, Ltd., 2008), 59.

[2] S. R. Driver, Notes on the Hebrew Text of the Books of 1st Samuel. (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1890), 40.

[3] Ralph W. Klein. 1 Samuel. World Biblical Commentary. 52 volumes. Edited by David A. Hubbard and Glenn W. Barker. (Waco, Texas: Word Books Publisher, 1983), 59-60.

[4] Patrick D. Miller, Jr and J.J.M Roberts, The Hand of the Lord. (Baltimore, Maryland: The John Hopkins University Press 1977), 46.

Part 4

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