Archive for December 20th, 2015


This is a Sunday Series on the Bearing with One Another in the Church.bear with one another veritas domain series

1 Timothy 5:1-2

Do not sharply rebuke an older man, but rather appeal to him as a father, to the younger men as brothers, 2 the older women as mothers, and the younger women as sisters, in all purity.

1 Timothy would be an appropriate passage to study on this topic because:

The purpose of the apostle Paul writing this book is stated in 1 Timothy 3:14-15 that shows why it is helpful: “I am writing these things to you, hoping to come to you before long; 15 but [k]in case I am delayed, I write so that you will know how [l]one ought to conduct himself in the household of God, which is the church of the living God, the pillar and support of the truth.”à That is, 1 Timothy explains how to conduct oneself within the church!

The well known passage 1 Timothy 4:12 indicate issue of age gap as well: “Let no one look down on your youthfulness, but rather in speech, conduct, love, faith and purity, show yourself an example [e]of those who believe.

Paul was aware Tim was a young pastor and had older people to shepherd.

Paul’s church situation was messy just like ours and he had to deal with various groups s within the church from widows (v.3-16) and slaves (6:1-2).

While our two verses group people by gender groups (men in verse 1, women in verse 2) for the purpose of our instruction we look at this matter by how you treat those by their generation.


  1. Treat older church members as parents
    1. Point: We must show respect and honor with those who are older than us within the church.
    2. Passage:Do not sharply rebuke an older man, but rather appeal to him as a father… 2 the older women as mothers….
    3. Proof
      1. What Paul did not want so he stated as a prohibition: “Do not sharply rebuke an older man,” (v.1a)
        1. The verb translated “sharply rebuke” is a compound verb of επι (“upon”) and πληξης (“strike”) and literally means to inflict blows but also metaphorical of rebuking someone sharply (Kitchen, 195).
        2. The tense indicate this has not taken place, nor should it take place (Kitchen, 195-96).
        3. In the Greek this verb is second person singular and not second person plural (“you all”) and the significance of this is that Paul even wants Timothy himself, the younger pastor, to not be ungodly in his correction and approach to those who are older that Timothy had a responsibility to correct. If the Pastor is not suppose to rebuke in a hurtful fashion even though his job does include correcting and admonishing, how much more so does it mean everyone else must not do this too!
        4. While it is true we must not sharply rebuke anyone, Paul’s emphasis in this verse is focused on not doing this to an “Older man” is nuance, since in the Greek it appears before the verb for attention.
      2. What Paul wanted instead: “but rather appeal to him as a father” (v.1b)
        1. ““but” in the Greek is Αλλαà A Strong contrastive.
        2. Paul wants Timothy to “appeal to him
          1. This verb is a compound verb with the word “beside” and “to call” and thus “call alongside of” (Kitchen, 196).
          2. The Greek verb’s present tense imperative suggest something to be done continuously; that is, it’s not enough as an excuse to say you have done this before, or a few times, but to continuously do this!
        3. What does this practically look like? Paul then invoke imagery of family motif given in terms of generational differences: “as a father
      3. This is true in regards to how we ought to treat older women in the church too: “2 the older women as mothers….” (v.2)
      4. Ultimately its about honoring those who are older in the church.
        1. Remember Paul taught we are to honor our parents when he quoted the Ten Commandments in Ephesians 6:2: “HONOR YOUR FATHER AND MOTHER (which is the first commandment with a promise)
        2. Paul explicitly call for us to honor those within the church who are older too:
          1. Remember earlier our point that “Older man” is nuance, since in the Greek it appears before the verb for attention.
        3. Paul in verse 3 even explicitly call our attention to a certain subset of older women: “Honor widows who are widows indeed
  1. Picture: <I use to go to church as a young guy with blinds like a horse; I was focus on going to those who were my age but never even noticed or greeted the older congregation members that I walked passed; wicked man that I am!>
  2. Practice:
    1. Begin with greeting older members; don’t wait for them to greet you, greet them since you are younger and need to honor them!
    2. Seek wisdom from older members! Remember: “A gray head is a crown of glory; It is found in the way of righteousness” (Proverbs 16:31)
    3. Show care for the elderly! Remember that within 1 Timothy 5 is a long discussion about taking care of widows!
    4. Go to funerals! There is something I learned about older saints that made me wished I knew them before passing which stir me to know more the elderly who are still living!
    5. Great way to appreciate older members of the church: Ask them their church and spiritual life; you will discover they were just like you at one time, and maybe did things you never have done in commitment to the Lord!


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