My dear brother Wally asked a very good question. In a post titled Faith In Action-Who Do You Love? Wally gave an exposition of James 5:1-6. Our brother asked what my thoughts were concerning whom James 5:1-6 was referring to. Some take it to refer to believers who were rich and hurting their fellow believers who were poor. Others understand this to refer to nonbelievers who were persecuting poorer believers.
Let me quote James 5:1-6:
Come now, you rich, weep and howl for your miseries which are coming upon you. 2 Your riches have rotted and your garments have become moth-eaten. 3 Your gold and your silver have rusted; and their rust will be a witness against you and will consume your flesh like fire. It is in the last days that you have stored up your treasure! 4 Behold, the pay of the laborers who mowed your fields, and which has been withheld by you, cries out against you; and the outcry of those who did the harvesting has reached the ears of the Lord of [a]Sabaoth. 5 You have lived luxuriously on the earth and led a life of wanton pleasure; you have [b]fattened your hearts in a day of slaughter. 6 You have condemned and [c]put to death the righteous man; he does not resist you.
Now I’m not going to be dogmatic here since I believe there is room for Christians to disagree in an agreeable fashion. But the following is my take on James 5:1-6 on the fly.