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Archive for the ‘Psalms’ Category

 

The Messiah as Coming King

Psalm 24

Establishing the Need: Do we only think of Jesus as a friend and a Savior and have forgotten that He is the King of Kings?

 

Purpose: In this study we shall see three characteristics of the Messiah as a King so that we would honor Him as Lord of our life.

  1. The Messiah reign over the world (v.1-2)
  2. The Messiah is Holy (v.3-6)
  3. The Messiah is glorious (v.7-10)

 

Introductory matters

This is written by David as the subscript states: “A Psalm of David.

Psalm 24 is part of a trio of Psalm on the Messiah beginning in Psalm 22.[1]

We can chart these three Messianic Psalm in the following manner[2]:

Psalm 22               Psalm 23               Psalm 24

Person            Servant                  Shepherd               Sovereign

Ministry         Suffering               Providing               Reigning

Time               Past                        Present                   Future

Symbol          Cross                      Crook                     Crown

 

Here for Psalm 24 we see that the Messiah is a coming King.

There is an interchange of the Messiah/God throughout the Psalm which we shouldn’t be surprised as New Testament Christian since the Messiah would be God.

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The Lord is My Shepherd

Psalm 23

Purpose: Today we shall see the three seasons in our lives in which Christ is our shepherd so that we would trust in Him and have Him as our Shepherd today.

  1. The Lord is my shepherd during ordinary times (v.1-3)
  2. The Lord is my shepherd during difficult times (v.4-5)
  3. The Lord is my shepherd for eternity (v.6)

Some words about Shepherd: The verse opens up right away with the declaration that “The Lord is my shepherd” (v.1)

  • Lord” here literally is “Yahweh.” It is the subject and appears twice in this Psalm, with it appearing here in the beginning of the Psalm and also in the last verse in the end of the Psalm.
  • Why is the person that says “my” here? This is a Psalm by David according to the subscript above verse 1: “A Psalm of David
  • Remember David was once a Shepherd and he would have written about something he knew about.
  • The imagery of a shepherd is also one in which the people of Israel would have been familiar with as well.
  • The first person singular suffix here indicates this is David speaking possessively of the Shepherd. That is, God isn’t just “a Shepherd” but “my Shepherd.”  We need to see God as “my shepherd” too.
  • More about Shepherd in the Bible
    • King Saul was told by God to shepherd God’s people and Scripture in 2 Samuel 5:2 and Ezekiel 37:24 he failed in this task; this point shouldn’t be missed since David authored Psalm 23 and he recognized that God was His Shepherd.
    • There are also other Psalms that talk about God as Shepherd in Psalms 28:9; 80:1. But more importantly Jesus also saw Himself as the Shepherd in John 10:11-15.
  • Ultimately I see Psalm 23 to be talking about Jesus because Psalm 23 is part of a three part Psalm about the Messiah.
    • Psalm 22 is about Jesus in the past: He is the one suffering on the Cross.
    • Psalm 23 is about Jesus in the present: He is our Shepherd.
    • Psalm 24 is about Jesus in the future: He is the coming King.
  • I think we can use interchangeably God and Christ for shepherd in this Psalm.

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Celebrating God given victories

Psalm 21

Establishing the Need: How do you relate to the spiritual leaders in your life?

 

Purpose: In this study we shall see two imperative from Psalm 21 so that we are thankful of what God is doing and will do.

  1. Rejoicing in past victories from God (v.1-6)
  2. Anticipate future final triumph of God (v.7-13)

 

Introductory matters

  • This is written by David as the subscript states: “For the choir director. A Psalm of David.
  • Psalm 21 is a “royal psalms” because its subject matter involves the king of Israel and what he does militarily.[1]
  • Psalm 21 is related to Psalm 20.
  • Both Psalms 20 and 21 emphasize victory and ultimately salvation (20:5, 6, 9; 21:1, 5).[2]
  • Both psalms[3]:
  • Refer to the “king” (20:9; 21:1, 7)
  • Speak of the king’s “heart’s desire” (20:4; 21:2) and request (“petition,” 20:5;“request,” 21:2)
  • Identify the right hand of the LORD as accomplishing the king’s deliverance (20:6; 21:8)
  • Celebrate the LORD’s strength/power (20:6; 21:1, 13)
  • According to Dr. Barrick: “Psalm 21 is the prayer of thanksgiving for the victory granted by God in answer to the prayer in Psalm 20 for the king’s victory in battle.”[4]
    Specifically Psalm 21:1-6 looks back at the requests in Psalm 20 and give thanks for God answering that prayer.[5]

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Leaders and God

Psalm 20

 

Establishing the Need: How do you relate to the spiritual leaders in your life?

 

Purpose: In this study we shall see two imperative from Psalm 20 so that we have a right relationship with our leaders and God during times of difficulties.

  • Support your leaders (v.1-5)
  • Trust in God (v.6-9)

 

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God’s World and Word Part 1

Psalm 19:10-14

 

Review: Last week we saw two truths in response to God revealing Himself in both His World and His Word.

  • Appreciate God’s revelation in the world (v.1-6)
  • Appreciate God’s revelation in the Word (v.7-9)

 

Purpose: In this study we shall see five applications from Psalm 19 teachings concerning God revealing Himself in both His World and His Word.

  • Desire God’s Word (v.10)
  • Be humbled by God’s Word (v.11)
  • Desire to avoid hidden faults (v.12)
  • Desire to be free from the power of sin (v.13)
  • Desire to please God (v.14)

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God’s World and Word Part 1

Psalm 19

 

Purpose: In this Psalm we shall see two truths in response to God revealing Himself in both His World and His Word.

  • Appreciate God’s revelation in the world (v.1-6)
  • Appreciate God’s revelation in the Word (v.7-9)

 

Introductory matters

  • Hebrew verse 1 of Psalm 19 indicates that this is written by David: “For the choir director. A Psalm of David.
  • According to William Barrick Psalm 19 clearly divides into two halves:[1]
    • The name of God changes: El (once) in verses 1-6, Yahweh (Jehovah; 7 times) in verses 7-14.
    • The content changes: the World Book in verses 1-6, the Word Book in verses 7-13.
    • The length of lines changes: longer lines in verses 1-6, shorter lines in verses 7- 14.
    • The application or illustration changes: the sun in verses 4-6, the servant in verses 11-14.
  • Also Psalm 18 and Psalm 19 connects with related terms and phrases:[2]
    • Compare 18:30 (“The word of the LORD is tried”) with 19:7-9.
    • Blameless”/“Perfect” (18:23, 25, 30; 19:7, 13).
    • Rock” and “Deliverer”/“Redeemer” (18:1-2; 19:14).
  • Next week we will look at application from God’s revelation in the world and Word (v.10-14)

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Responsibilities During Trials

Responsibilities During Trials: Psalm 18 Part 2

Psalm 18:4-50

 

4 The cords of death encompassed me, And the torrents of [c]ungodliness [d]terrified me. 5 The cords of Sheol surrounded me; The snares of death confronted me. 6 In my distress I called upon the Lord, And cried to my God for help; He heard my voice out of His temple, And my cry for help before Him came into His ears. 7 Then the earth shook and quaked; And the foundations of the mountains were trembling And were shaken, because He was angry. 8 Smoke went up [f]out of His nostrils, And fire from His mouth devoured; Coals were kindled by it. 9 He bowed the heavens also, and came down With thick darkness under His feet. 10 He rode upon a cherub and flew; And He sped upon the wings of the wind. 11 He made darkness His hiding place, His [g]canopy around Him, Darkness of waters, thick clouds of the skies. 12 From the brightness before Him passed His thick clouds, Hailstones and coals of fire. 13 The Lord also thundered in the heavens, And the Most High uttered His voice, Hailstones and coals of fire. 14 He sent out His arrows, and scattered them, And lightning flashes in abundance, and [h]routed them. 15 Then the channels of water appeared, And the foundations of the world were [i]laid bare At Your rebuke, O Lord, At the blast of the breath of Your nostrils. 16 He sent from on high, He took me; He drew me out of many waters. 17 He delivered me from my strong enemy, And from those who hated me, for they were too mighty for me. 18 They confronted me in the day of my calamity, But the Lord was my stay. 19 He brought me forth also into a broad place; He rescued me, because He delighted in me. 20 The Lord has rewarded me according to my righteousness; According to the cleanness of my hands He has recompensed me. 21 For I have kept the ways of the Lord, And have not wickedly departed from my God. 22 For all His ordinances were before me, And I did not put away His statutes from me. 23 I was also [j]blameless with Him, And I kept myself from my iniquity. 24 Therefore the Lord has recompensed me according to my righteousness, According to the cleanness of my hands in His eyes. 25 With the kind You show Yourself kind; With the [k]blameless You show Yourself blameless; 26 With the pure You show Yourself pure, And with the crooked You show Yourself [l]astute. 27 For You save an afflicted people, But haughty eyes You abase. 28 For You light my lamp; The Lord my God illumines my darkness. 29 For by You I can [m]run upon a troop; And by my God I can leap over a wall. 30 As for God, His way is [n]blameless; The word of the Lord is tried; He is a shield to all who take refuge in Him. 31 For who is God, but the Lord? And who is a rock, except our God, 32 The God who girds me with strength And [o]makes my way [p]blameless? 33 He makes my feet like hinds’ feet, And sets me upon my high places. 34 He trains my hands for battle, So that my arms can bend a bow of bronze. 35 You have also given me the shield of Your salvation, And Your right hand upholds me; And Your [q]gentleness makes me great. 36 You enlarge my steps under me, And my [r]feet have not slipped. 37 I pursued my enemies and overtook them, And I did not turn back until they were consumed. 38 I shattered them, so that they were not able to rise; They fell under my feet. 39 For You have girded me with strength for battle; You have [s]subdued under me those who rose up against me. 40 You have also made my enemies turn their backs to me, And I [t]destroyed those who hated me. 41 They cried for help, but there was none to save, Even to the Lord, but He did not answer them. 42 Then I beat them fine as the dust before the wind; I emptied them out as the mire of the streets. 43 You have delivered me from the contentions of the people; You have placed me as head of the nations; A people whom I have not known serve me. 44 As soon as they hear, they obey me; Foreigners [u]submit to me. 45 Foreigners fade away, And come trembling out of their [v]fortresses. 46 The Lord lives, and blessed be my rock; And exalted be the God of my salvation, 47 The God who executes vengeance for me, And subdues peoples under me. 48 He delivers me from my enemies; Surely You lift me above those who rise up against me; You rescue me from the violent man. 49 Therefore I will give thanks to You among the nations, O Lord, And I will sing praises to Your name. 50 He gives great [w]deliverance to His king, And shows lovingkindness to His anointed, To David and his [x]descendants forever.

 

Purpose: You need to see live out three responsibilities even as we go through trials in our life so that you continue to have hope and live your life for God.

  1. You are to remember God’s deliverance (v.4-19)
  2. You are to be loyal to God (v.20-29)
  3. You are to believe God’s kingdom will be victorious (v.30-50)

 

Introductory matters

  • This is a long Psalm (50 verses!) and we won’t be able to look at every detail of the Psalm.
  • It is a praise for God’s deliverance from the David’s enemies.[1]
  • This Psalm also appear in 2 Samuel 22.
  • The Psalm’s double appearance shows it is important for God’s people.[2]
  • David may have edited Psalm 18 himself so it can be sung in Temple worship.[3]

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Five S of why to Love God: Psalm 18 Part 1

Psalm 18:1-3

 

Passage:For the choir director. A Psalm of David the servant of the Lord, who spoke to the Lord the words of this song in the day that the Lord delivered him from the hand of all his enemies and from the hand of Saul. And he said, “I love You, O Lord, my strength.” 2 The Lord is my rock and my fortress and my deliverer, My God, my rock, in whom I take refuge; My shield and the horn of my salvation, my stronghold. 3 I call upon the Lord, who is worthy to be praised, And I am saved from my enemies.” (v. 1-3)

 

Establish the Need: Do you love God?

 

Purpose: You need to see five motivation David had to love God so that we too would be motivated to love God.

  1. Reason 1: God is sovereign in history (subscript)
  2. Reason 2: God is David’s strength: “O Lord, my strength.” (v.1b)
  3. Reason 3: God is David’s stability: “The Lord is my rock” (v.2a) and “My God, my rock, in whom I take refuge” (v.2b)
  4. Reason 4: God is David’s security (v.2)
  5. Reason 5: God is David’s salvation (v.2-3)

 

Introductory matters

  • This is a long Psalm (50 verses!) and we won’t be able to look at every detail of the Psalm.
  • It is a praise for God’s deliverance from the David’s enemies.[1]
  • This Psalm also appear in 2 Samuel 22.
  • The Psalm’s double appearance shows it is important for God’s people.[2]
  • David may have edited Psalm 18 himself so it can be sung in Temple worship.[3]

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The 3 Cs of Walking with God

Psalm 16

 

Preserve me, O God, for I take refuge in You. 2 I said to the Lord, “You are my Lord; I have no good besides You.” 3 As for the saints who are in the earth, They are the majestic ones in whom is all my delight. 4 The sorrows of those who have bartered for another god will be multiplied; I shall not pour out their drink offerings of blood, Nor will I take their names upon my lips. 5 The Lord is the portion of my inheritance and my cup; You support my lot. 6 The lines have fallen to me in pleasant places; Indeed, my heritage is beautiful to me. 7 I will bless the Lord who has counseled me; Indeed, my mind instructs me in the night. 8 I have set the Lord continually before me; Because He is at my right hand, I will not be shaken. 9 Therefore my heart is glad and my glory rejoices; My flesh also will dwell securely. 10 For You will not abandon my soul to Sheol; Nor will You allow Your Holy One to undergo decay. 11 You will make known to me the path of life; In Your presence is fullness of joy; In Your right hand there are pleasures forever.

 

Purpose: In this Psalm we shall see the three C’s of our relationship to God so that we walk with God today.

  • We need to have COMMITMENT to God (v.1-4)
  • We need to find CONTENTMENT in God (v.5-7)
  • We need to have CONFIDENCE in God (v.8-11)

 

 

Introductory matters

  • Hebrew verse 1 of Psalm 16 indicates that this is written by David: “A Mikhtam of David.
  • The author is clearly identified: “of David
  • What is a “Mikhtam?
    • According to William Barrick: “One of the more likely explanations was found in the old Greek translation of the Old Testament (the Septuagint) 250 years before Christ: “inscription.”[1]
    • Jeremiah 2:22 uses a related word (nikhtam) is translated “stain” to express that something is indelible.  Thus this is writing that is meant to be preserved.[2]
  • Psalm 15 sets up God’s holy requirement to worship in God’s presence and Psalm 16 now shows us we need to trust in God and what trusting in God looks like.

 

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Prerequisite for Worship

Psalm 15

 

O Lord, who may abide in Your tent? Who may dwell on Your holy hill? 2 He who walks with integrity, and works righteousness, And speaks truth in his heart. 3 He does not slander with his tongue, Nor does evil to his neighbor, Nor takes up a reproach against his friend; 4 In whose eyes a reprobate is despised, But who honors those who fear the Lord; He swears to his own hurt and does not change; 5 He does not put out his money at interest, Nor does he take a bribe against the innocent. He who does these things will never be shaken.

 

Establish the Need: How often do you think about worshipping God and do you think carefully about your approach towards God?

 

Purpose: In this Psalm we shall see three imperative we need to follow so that we live a life that really matters.

 

We need to ask life’s most important question (v.1)

We need to hear the answer to life’s most important question (v.2-5b)

We need to trust in God’s assurance (v.5c)

 

 

Introductory matters

Hebrew verse 1 of Psalm 15 indicates that this is written by David.

Psalm 14 is a contrast with Psalm 15.

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Our Depravity and God’s Deliverance

Psalm 14

 

The fool has said in his heart, “There is no God.” They are corrupt, they have committed abominable deeds; There is no one who does good. 2 The Lord has looked down from heaven upon the sons of men To see if there are any who understand, Who seek after God. 3 They have all turned aside, together they have become corrupt; There is no one who does good, not even one. 4 Do all the workers of wickedness not know, Who eat up my people as they eat bread, And do not call upon the Lord? 5 There they are in great dread, For God is with the righteous generation. 6 You would put to shame the counsel of the afflicted, But the Lord is his refuge. 7 Oh, that the salvation of Israel would come out of Zion! When the Lord restores His captive people, Jacob will rejoice, Israel will be glad.

 

Establish the Need: Two big problem of our age today is that people don’t see themselves as that sinful while also not believing God will deliver His people.

 

Purpose: In this Psalm we see two truths we have during seasons of our live where we have a lot of questions for God.

  • You need to know how God sees the depravity of unbelief (v.1-3)
  • You need to know how God promise deliverance for believers (v.4-7)

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This post was much delayed since my internet was not working at home.

This is from my daily Greek exercise of sight reading a few months ago, courtesy of Vincent S Artale Jr.

Our text is from the Greek translation (Septuagint) of Psalm 98:2. (Note in the Greek Septuagint it is Psalm 97:2.)  Here is my translation:

“2 ἐγνώρισεν Κύριος τὸ σωτήριον αὐτοῦ ἐναντίον τῶν ἐθνῶν·
The Lord made known His salvation before the nations

ἀπεκάλυψεν τὴν δικαιοσύνην αὐτοῦ.”
He Has revealed His righteousness

Here are some observations:

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This is my first book review for 2018!  This book is by David Kitz whose blog is titled “I love the Psalms” and I really appreciated this book from him!

David Kitz. Psalms Alive!  Winnipeg, Canada: Forever Books, September 1st 2009.  242 pp.

5 out of 5

Purchase: Amazon

I have to admit that I’m not a spiritual devotional book kind of guy; among the hundred plus books I read last year only a small fraction of them have been devotional books.  However David Kitz’s devotional work on the Psalms was spiritually refreshing.  I enjoyed reading it and found the book spiritually edifying.

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This is from my daily Greek exercise of sight reading a few weeks ago, courtesy of Vincent S Artale Jr.

Our text is from the Greek translation of the Old Testament known as the Septuagint.  The Greek Septuagint numbering is different than the Hebrew and English Bible numbering and the verse I translated is from the English and Hebrew Psalm 69:5.

Here’s my translation:

“6 ὁ θεὸς, σὺ ἔγνως τὴν ἀφροσύνην μου,
O God you know my foolishness

καὶ αἱ πλημμελίαι μου ἀπὸ σοῦ οὐκ ἐκρύβησαν.”
and my wrongs are not hidden from you

Here are some observations:

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Dale Ralph Davis. The Way of the Righteous in the Muck of Life: Psalms 1–12.  Ross-Shire, UK: Christian Focus Publications, July 20th 2010. 144 pp.

4 out of 5

Purchase: Westminster Amazon

This is a devotional Bible commentary on Psalm 1 through Psalm 12 written by Dale Ralph Davis, a Pastor and Professor of the Old Testament with Reformed Theological Seminary at Jackson, Mississippi.  I have previously enjoyed Davis’ commentary on the book of Judges and also his book titled The Word Became Fresh which the subtitle explained as “How to Preach from Old Testament Narrative Texts.”  Both works were phenomenal and I think one can say that Davis’ commentaries on Old Testament historical narratives are phenomenal and is one that an expositor of the Bible must have if he is going to teach on Old Testament narratives.  So when I saw that Davis’ had written a devotional commentary on the beginning of the Psalms I had to purchase it though it took me a few years before I finally read it and finished it.

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