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Archive for the ‘Christianity’ Category

david_s_final_words_are_messianic

Establish the need: How many of us would right away list 2 Samuel 23:1-7 as Messianic Prophecy when asked to list Messianic passages?

Purpose: We will consider four reasons why we know Jesus existed in history.

  • David is focusing on the Messiah (v.1)
  • Affirmation this is Prophetic (v.2-3a)
  • The Messiah’s Righteousness (v.3b-4)
  • The Basis of the Messiah’s Coming is the Davidic Covenant (v.5)
  • The Messiah’s Judgment (v.6-7)

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For our Tuesday series at church we have been going over a series on apologetics with the unit on Messianic prophecies from the Old Testament. Here specifically we share the outlines from passages from the Law of Moses (first five books).

Here are the links to the outlines below:

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sand dunes

I think most Christians who might be familiar with Exodus 18 and Jethro often hear about it in the context of the application of leadership with the role of delegating tasks to others (see Exodus 18:13-27).
But I think there’s more to that especially in considering what is Exodus 18:1-12 about.

Here’s the passage:

Now Jethro, the priest of Midian, Moses’ father-in-law, heard about everything that God had done for Moses and for Israel His people, how the Lord had brought Israel out of Egypt. 2 And Jethro, Moses’ father-in-law, took in Moses’ wife Zipporah, after he had sent her away, 3 and her two sons, one of whom was named Gershom, for Moses said, “I have been a stranger in a foreign land.” 4 And the other was named Eliezer, for he said, “The God of my father was my help, and saved me from the sword of Pharaoh.” 5 Then Jethro, Moses’ father-in-law, came with his sons and his wife to Moses in the wilderness where he was camped, at the mountain of God. 6 And he sent word to Moses: “I, your father-in-law Jethro, am coming to you with your wife and her two sons with her.” 7 Then Moses went out to meet his father-in-law, and he bowed down and kissed him; and they asked each other about their welfare, and went into the tent. 8 Moses told his father-in-law everything that the Lord had done to Pharaoh and to the Egyptians for Israel’s sake, all the hardship that had confronted them on the journey, and how the Lord had rescued them. 9 And Jethro rejoiced over all the goodness which the Lord had done for Israel, in rescuing them from the hand of the Egyptians. 10 So Jethro said, “Blessed be the Lord who rescued you from the hand of the Egyptians and from the hand of Pharaoh, and who rescued the people from under the hand of the Egyptians. 11 Now I know that the Lord is greater than all the gods; indeed, it was proven when they acted insolently against the people.” 12 Then Jethro, Moses’ father-in-law, took a burnt offering and sacrifices for God, and Aaron came with all the elders of Israel to eat a meal with Moses’ father-in-law before God.

Here’s my thoughts:

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church scene

This Sunday at Church I want to encourage you to do the following: Express Gratitude for those who pick up the elderly to Church.

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bible_contradiction_who_tempted_david

For today’s post we will tackle the question the Skeptic Annotated Bible asked: Who tempted David to number Israel?

Here are the two answers which the skeptic believes shows a Bible contradiction:

God

“Now the anger of the Lord burned against Israel again, and He incited David against them to say, “Go, count Israel and Judah.”” (2 Samuel 24:1)

Satan

“Then Satan stood up against Israel and incited David to count Israel.” (1 Chronicles 21:1)

(All Scriptural quotation comes from the New American Standard Bible)

Here’s a closer look at whether or not there is a contradiction:

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I’m especially excited to present our annual Christmas Recommended Books on Presuppositional apologetics and Van Til’s apologetics.  That is because this is our blog’s thirteenth year in which we post our recommendations of books as Christmas gifts on the subject of Presuppositional apologetics or the Christian worldview!

Below are links to the recommendations from previous years, and if you are new to the whole thing with Presuppositional apologetics and want something introductory I highly recommend the first two books we recommend this year along with the listing from 2014 which we highlighted in bold:

This year list’s of recommended books on Presuppositional apologetics is listed below.  Each work will have a link to my fuller review and also links to where one can purchase the book.

Here’s this year’s recommendations:

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Thankfulness Free Grace Broadcaster

Various Authors. Thankfulness.  Pensacola, FL: Chapel Library, November 8th 2016. 48 pp.

5 out of 5

Free: Chapel Library

Purchase: Amazon

Want to read something devotionally on the topic of being thankful and thanksgiving to the Lord?  This resource from Chapel Library might be for you.  Feature in this pamphlet are essays of various historic Protestant preachers and pastors on thanksgiving to God.  These authors are all tested saints from centuries ago but the truth found in its pages is timeless.  There’s various compiled writings from William Cooper, Richard Sibbes, Thomas Mantion, Charles Spurgeon and others.  This is my third Free Grace Broadcaster I read.  The earlier one I read was on Messianic Prophecies and Fatherhood.  Like the first one this particular booklet too was a spiritual delight!

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the_book_of_ruth_is_messianic

Establish the need: To the untrained eye one can think a small book like Ruth that read like personal romance has nothing to do with the Messiah; but is this the case?

Purpose: We will consider three points of how the book of Ruth has Messianic trajectories.

    • It might have seemed that God had forgotten about His Messianic promises during the book of Ruth
    • The genealogy in Ruth 4 continues the Messianic hope
    • God works through unlikely situations

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Wow place

These are links concerning Presuppositional apologetics gathered from November 15th-21st, 2022.

1.) Cave to the Cross’ Apologetics’ The Internal Critique Of Other Religions – Ep.203 – Biblical Counterfeit Religions

2.) Bible contradiction? Is it OK to take a census?

3.) The Old Testament & the Philosophy of Evidence w/ Jim

4.) Review: Immanuel Kant by Shao Kai Tseng

5.) Weaponizing the Peer Review Process Backfires

7.) Episode 17 – A Case for 6-Day Creation (Part 5) – Significant Objection #2 – Distant Starlight

8.) Videos of the Bahnsen Conference 2022

9.) The foundations of atheistic/agnostic morality

10.) THE IMPOSSIBILITY OF THE “POSSIBILITY” ENTAILED BY JOHN DAVENANT’S HYPOTHETICAL UNIVERSALISM (R.I.P.)

11.) Review: The Faithful Apologist: Rethinking the Role of Persuasion in Apologetics

Missed the last round up?  Check out the repost

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The Faithful Apologist Rethinking the Role of Persuasion in Apologetics

K. Scott Oliphint. The Faithful Apologist: Rethinking the Role of Persuasion in Apologetics. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan Academic, February 22nd 2022. 224 pp.

4 out of 5

Purchase: Westminster Amazon

Want to read a biblical book on persuasion in the context of evangelism and apologetics?  This book is worth considering.  It is written by a professor of apologetics, K. Scott Oliphint.  Oliphint teaches at Westminster Theological Seminary and is also a Presuppositional Apologist.  I know some people have told me they think Presuppositionalists have no interests with persuading people but only to refute unbelievers; this book suggests otherwise.  I’m glad that a book on persuasion was written by someone who is a Presuppositionalist!

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church scene

This Sunday at Church I want to encourage you to do the following: Pray for unsaved recent visitors to be saved.

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Greg Bahnsen sitting down

Here are the videos from 2022 Bahnsen Conference.  The Bahnsen conference celebrates the life of Greg Bahnsen, a pastor, theologian and apologist for the Christian faith.

Bahnsen is one of the apologist that influenced me the most.

These are the videos:

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Immanuel Kant by Shao Kai Tseng

Shao Kai Tseng. Immanuel Kant.  Phillipsburg, NJ: Presbyterian and Reformed Publishing, November 16th 2020. 232 pp.

5 out of 5

Purchase: Westminster Amazon

Have you heard of the philosopher Immanuel Kant?  Kant as a philosopher is hard to understand and yet Kant was such a watershed individual in philosophy.  Through his writings philosophy went from the trend of large speculation on the “big ideas” of God, freedom, morality, religion, etc., to the overall trend today of being interpretative and analytic, and dare I say “less ambitious” in its scope and aims.  Given Kant’s importance and the difficulties of interpreting him this book has been immensely helpful.  The author Shao Kai Tseng has done a superb job writing this book.  He’s given us a rigorous introduction to Kant from a Reformed standpoint.  A professor of philosophy, the author is also a Reformed Christian with an impressive academic background in philosophy and theology: His Master of Divinity is from Regent College, his ThM from Princeton Theological Seminary and his MSt and DPhil from Oxford. I appreciate that his writing is from a biblical worldview.

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bible_contradiction_is_it_ok_census

For today’s post we will tackle the question the Skeptic Annotated Bible asked: Is it OK to take a census?

Here are the two answers which the skeptic believes shows a Bible contradiction:

Yes, God likes censuses.

God told Moses to take several censuses during the Exodus

“The Lord also spoke to Moses, saying, 12 “When you take a census of the sons of Israel to count them, then each one of them shall give a ransom for himself to the Lord, when you count them, so that there will be no plague among them when you count them.” (Exodus 30:11-12)

“Now the Lord spoke to Moses in the wilderness of Sinai, in the tent of meeting, on the first day of the second month, in the second year after they had come out of the land of Egypt, saying, 2 “Take a census of all the congregation of the sons of Israel, by their families, by their fathers’ households, according to the number of names, every male, head by head” (Numbers 1:1-2)

“Then the Lord spoke to Moses in the wilderness of Sinai, saying, 15 “Count the sons of Levi by their fathers’ households, by their families; every male from a month old and upward you shall count.” 16 So Moses counted them according to the word of the Lord, just as he had been commanded.” (Numbers 3:14-16)

“Then the Lord said to Moses, “Count every firstborn male of the sons of Israel from a month old and upward, and make a list of their names.” (Numbers 3:40)

“Then it came about after the plague, that the Lord spoke to Moses and to Eleazar the son of Aaron the priest, saying, 2 “Take a census of all the congregation of the sons of Israel from twenty years old and upward, by their fathers’ households, whoever is able to go to war in Israel.”” (Numbers 26:1-2)

Solomon had a census (like his father David’s) and God didn’t mind at all.

“Solomon counted all the foreigners who were in the land of Israel, following the census which his father David had taken; and 153,600 were found.” (2 Chronicles 2:17)

No. God killed 70,000 men because of David’s census.

“So David said to Joab and to the leaders of the people, “Go, count Israel from Beersheba to Dan, and bring me word so that I may know their number.”” (1 Chronicles 21:2)

“Now the anger of the Lord burned against Israel again, and He incited David against them to say, “Go, count Israel and Judah.” 2 So the king said to Joab the commander of the army, who was with him, “Roam about now through all the tribes of Israel, from Dan to Beersheba, and conduct a census of the people, so that I may know the number of the people.” 3 But Joab said to the king, “May the Lord your God add to the people a hundred times as many as they are, while the eyes of my lord the king can still see; but why does my lord the king delight in this thing?” 4 Nevertheless, the king’s order prevailed against Joab and against the commanders of the army. So Joab and the commanders of the army left the presence of the king to conduct a census of the people of Israel. 5 They crossed the Jordan and camped in Aroer, on the right side of the city that is in the middle of the Valley of Gad and toward Jazer. 6 Then they came to Gilead and to [a]the land of Tahtim-hodshi, and they came to Dan-jaan and around to Sidon, 7 then they came to the fortress of Tyre and to all the cities of the Hivites and of the Canaanites, and they went out to the south of Judah, to Beersheba. 8 So when they had roamed about through the whole land, they came to Jerusalem at the end of nine months and twenty days. 9 And Joab gave the number of the census of the people to the king: in Israel there were eight hundred thousand valiant men who drew the sword, and the men of Judah were five hundred thousand men. 10 Now David’s heart [b]troubled him after he had counted the people. So David said to the Lord, “I have sinned greatly in what I have done. But now, Lord, please [c]overlook the guilt of Your servant, for I have acted very foolishly.” 11 When David got up in the morning, the word of the Lord came to Gad the prophet, David’s seer, saying, 12 “Go and speak to David, ‘This is what the Lord says: “I am imposing upon you three choices; choose for yourself one of them, and I will do it to you.”’” 13 So Gad came to David and told him, and said to him, “Shall seven years of famine come to you in your land? Or will you flee for three months before your enemies while they pursue you? Or shall there be three days’ of plague in your land? Now consider and see what answer I shall return to Him who sent me.” 14 Then David said to Gad, “I am in great distress. Let us now fall into the hand of the Lord, for His mercies are great; but do not let me fall into human hands.” 15 So the Lord sent a plague upon Israel from the morning until the appointed time, and seventy thousand men of the people from Dan to Beersheba died. 16 When the angel extended his hand toward Jerusalem to destroy it, the Lord relented of the disaster and said to the angel who destroyed the people, “It is enough! Now drop your hand!” And the angel of the Lord was by the threshing floor of Araunah the Jebusite. 17 Then David spoke to the Lord when he saw the angel who was striking down the people, and said, “Behold, it is I who have sinned, and it is I who have done wrong; but these sheep, what have they done? Please let Your hand be against me and against my father’s house!”” (2 Samuel 24:1-17)

(All Scriptural quotation comes from the New American Standard Bible)

Here’s a closer look at whether or not there is a contradiction:

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hannahs_song_is_messianic

Establish the need: Is there any Messianic prophecy in this song?

Purpose: We will consider reasons why we consider Hannah’s Song in 1 Samuel 2:1-10 is Messianic Prophecy.

    • Hannah’s Song is prophetic
    • Hannah’s Song is Messianic prophecy since she was informed by Old Testament Theology
    • The mention of the Messiah seem to refer to Someone greater than a local King of Israel

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