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Archive for the ‘doctrinal apologetics’ Category

david_s_final_words_are_messianic

Establish the need: How many of us would right away list 2 Samuel 23:1-7 as Messianic Prophecy when asked to list Messianic passages?

Purpose: We will consider four reasons why we know Jesus existed in history.

  • David is focusing on the Messiah (v.1)
  • Affirmation this is Prophetic (v.2-3a)
  • The Messiah’s Righteousness (v.3b-4)
  • The Basis of the Messiah’s Coming is the Davidic Covenant (v.5)
  • The Messiah’s Judgment (v.6-7)

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the_book_of_ruth_is_messianic

Establish the need: To the untrained eye one can think a small book like Ruth that read like personal romance has nothing to do with the Messiah; but is this the case?

Purpose: We will consider three points of how the book of Ruth has Messianic trajectories.

    • It might have seemed that God had forgotten about His Messianic promises during the book of Ruth
    • The genealogy in Ruth 4 continues the Messianic hope
    • God works through unlikely situations

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hannahs_song_is_messianic

Establish the need: Is there any Messianic prophecy in this song?

Purpose: We will consider reasons why we consider Hannah’s Song in 1 Samuel 2:1-10 is Messianic Prophecy.

    • Hannah’s Song is prophetic
    • Hannah’s Song is Messianic prophecy since she was informed by Old Testament Theology
    • The mention of the Messiah seem to refer to Someone greater than a local King of Israel

    (more…)

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deuteronomy_18_and_the_messiah

Establish the need: Is the Messiah going to be like Moses in any way?

Purpose: We will consider Deuteronomy 18:15-19 as pointing to Christ with the following five points.

  • The focus on an individual prophet like Moses
  • Objection: There’s nothing about this about a future prediction
  • Deuteronomy 18 is not predicting Joshua
  • Deuteronomy 18 is not predicting Muhammad
  • Jesus is like Moses

(more…)

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balaams_oracles_are_messianic

Establish the need: What are the details of the Messiah in Numbers 24?

Review: Last week we considered five reasons we believe Balaam’s third and fourth discourse found in Numbers 24:5-9 and Numbers 24:14-19 are Messianic prophecies.

  1. Clues from the Pentateuch: a prophetic poem at the end of an era
  2. Clues from themes from the Abrahamic Covenant in Balaam’s narrative
  3. Clues from themes in Genesis 49 in Balaam’s narrative
  4. Clues from the narrator of Balaam’s narrative
  5. Objection: Isn’t Balaam a false prophet?

Purpose: In this session we will consider three details about the Messiah found in Numbers 24:7-9 and refute an objection

  1. The Messianic Seed will be a King of Israel (Numbers 24:7)
  2. The Messianic Seed will be come out of Egypt (Numbers 24:8)
  3. The Messiah will bless those who bless Him and curse those who curse Him (Numbers 24:9)
  4. Objection: Isn’t this about Saul?

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balaams_oracles_are_messianic

Establish the need: Is there Messianic Prophecy in this interesting episode in the book of Numbers?

Purpose: We will consider five reasons we believe Balaam’s third and fourth discourse found in Numbers 24:5-9 and Numbers 24:14-19 are Messianic prophecies.

    • Clues from the Pentateuch: a prophetic poem at the end of an era
    • Clues from themes from the Abrahamic Covenant in Balaam’s narrative
    • Clues from themes in Genesis 49 in Balaam’s narrative
    • Clues from the narrator of Balaam’s narrative
    • Objection: Isn’t Balaam a false prophet?

(more…)

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genesis_22_is_messianic_typology

Establish the need: Does Genesis 22 point us towards Christ?

Purpose: We will consider how Genesis 22 anticipates the Messiah is Jesus.

  • The threat to the Messianic line teaches us to have faith in God’s promises
  • There are messianic typologies
  • To appreciate how this chapter is a type pointing to Christ

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genesis_49_8_12_is_messianic_prophecy

Establish the need: Did you know that within Genesis 49:8-12 there is a prediction of the coming Messiah?

Purpose: We will consider how Genesis 49:8-12 anticipates the Messiah is Jesus.

  1. Clues from context of Pentateuch
  2. Clues from within Genesis 49:8-12
  3. Clues from the Aramaic Targum
  4. Clues from the Rabbis

(more…)

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genesis_315_is_messianic

Establish the need: What was the first place that predicts the coming Messiah?

Purpose: We will consider how Genesis 3:15 anticipates the Messiah is Jesus.

  • Clues from within Genesis 3:15
  • Clues from Eve’s expectation in Genesis 4:1
  • Clues from the Aramaic Targum
  • Clues from the expectation of the coming of the Messiah with LamechClue from the expectation of the coming of the Messiah with Noah

(more…)

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daniel_9_messianic_prophecy

Purpose: We will consider four points from Daniel 9:24-26 to see how it predicts Jesus as the Messiah so that we would submit to Him as Lord and worship Him today.

  • Determining what is a ‘week”
  • Prophecy 1: Rebuilding of Jerusalem
  • Prophecy 2: Messiah cut-off
  • Prophecy 3: Fulfilled before Temple Destruction

Passage: “Seventy weeks have been decreed for your people and your holy city, to finish the wrongdoing, to make an end of sin, to make atonement for guilt, to bring in everlasting righteousness, to seal up vision and prophecy, and to anoint the Most Holy Place. 25 So you are to know and understand that from the issuing of a decree to restore and rebuild Jerusalem, until Messiah the Prince, there will be seven weeks and sixty-two weeks; it will be built again, with streets and moat, even in times of distress. 26 Then after the sixty-two weeks, the Messiah will be cut off and have nothing, and the people of the prince who is to come will destroy the city and the sanctuary. And its end will come with a flood; even to the end there will be war; desolations are determined. 27 And he will confirm a covenant with the many for one week, but in the middle of the week he will put a stop to sacrifice and grain offering; and on the wing of abominations will come the one who makes desolate, until a complete destruction, one that is decreed, gushes forth on the one who makes desolate.”” (Daniel 9:24-27)

(more…)

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christmas_expectations_in_genesis

Establish the need:  The coming of God to be born to save us from our sins, when was this first predicted or anticipated?  Can it be that this “Christmas” hope, of God coming to be born to save us from our sins, be predicted as far back as the book of Genesis?

Purpose:  Today we will see four points concerning the expectation of the Messiah

  • Young or old should know the Old Testament expectation of the Messiah (Luke 1:46-55)
  • The expectation of the coming of the Messiah with Adam and Eve
  • The expectation of the coming of the Messiah with Lamech
  • The expectation of the coming of the Messiah with Noah

(more…)

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I found this passage in Isaiah 48:12-16.

Here’s what the passage says:

“Listen to Me, Jacob, Israel whom I called;
I am He, I am the first, I am also the last.
13 Assuredly My hand founded the earth,
And My right hand spread out the heavens;
When I call to them, they stand together.
14 Assemble, all of you, and listen!
Who among them has declared these things?
The Lord loves him; he will carry out His good pleasure against Babylon,
And His arm will be against the Chaldeans.
15 I, yes I, have spoken; indeed I have called him,
I have brought him, and He will make his ways successful.
16 Come near to Me, listen to this:
From the beginning I have not spoken in secret,
From the time it took place, I was there.
And now the Lord God has sent Me, and His Spirit.”

I think in the near future I’ll have to study this passage more in-depth as its nearly 3 AM here and its late to start looking at the Hebrew.  But some quick observations.

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A recent troll said to me:

Jesus himself said he wasn’t God! Mark 10:18 & Luke 18:19

Both Mark 10:18 and Luke 18:19 parallel each other.

This is what Mark 10:18 states:

And Jesus said to him, “Why do you call Me good? No one is good except God alone.

This is what Luke 18:19 states:

And Jesus said to him, “Why do you call Me good? No one is good except God alone.

This is how she would argue it:

Jesus denies he’s good: “no one is”

Only God is good

Ergo Jesus isn’t God

Does this show Jesus is not God?  I don’t think so.  Let me explain.

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There’s a lot of bad arguments against the Trinity, more than I have time to fully respond to.  In one of the comments in my previous post “” there was a comment from “Alfeo piedad” that tried to argue against the Trinity:

If the trinity is true , it should have been complete from the beginning.”

I want to reply concerning the methodology behind the objection.  This objection sets up an artificial standard of proof against the Trinity in that the Trinity can only be true if the Bible has taught it completely from “the beginning.”  Here’s my reply:

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trinity

While teaching Christology overseas a student asked me how does one handle the following objection: “I don’t believe in the Trinity because the Word Trinity is not in the Bible.”

Here’s my take on the objection.

First, more important than the term is whether or not the concept of the Trinity is found in the Bible.  We must be more concern about the concept more than a specific theological terminology that Christians later use as a handle for the various truth claims about God.  If the concept of the Trinity is found in the Bible, it is enough to establish the doctrine of the Trinity.

I know my first point often don’t satisfy cultists and heretics. Hence the following points:

Secondly, just because you use biblical terminology doesn’t mean the concept behind the term you are using is faithful to the Bible.  I bring this point to illustrate that it is a naively flawed methodology to assume that merely finding a word in the Bible establish the truth content that one might put into the terminology.  People twists the meaning of biblical terms all the time.  In the end, what’s important is the concept behind the terms which reinforce my first point.

Thirdly, depending on the specific cultists or heretic I would also point out how the kind of argumentation presented in this objection to the Trinity also undercut their specific belief systems.   That is, the argumentation is a self-defeater to their own religious beliefs.  For instance, with Jehovah’s Witnesses I apply back this same kind of bad reasoning back to them:  I don’t believe in the Watchtower Tract and Bible Society because Scripture itself doesn’t mention these words.  We shouldn’t attend any of their Kingdom Hall because the word “Kingdom Hall” doesn’t appear in the Bible.  If one uses this flawed logic that is the basis for objecting to the Trinity, the cultist or heretic must also admit that it undermine their very own beliefs and belief system as well.  But if they sidestep this rebuttal by saying the concept is taught in the Scripture, note here that they also admit that content is what matters and not merely the appearance of a terminology in Scripture.  Either way you go, the problem is with the interlocutor.

 

Fourthly there are also other theological terms that Christians use that is not found in Scripture but the concept is taught in Scripture.  Think of the word “Bible.”  Yet the concept is there within the Bible.  Again, content is what is more important than merely doing a superficial word search.

Fifthly, to be very technical even a lot of terms in our Bible translations are also not found in the original language of the Bible.  The English Bible talks a lot about “God.”  But the Hebrew and Greek words in the manuscripts are “El,” “Elohim,” “Yahweh,” and “Theos.” Nowhere do we find in the original language manuscripts the English term “God,” the German word “Gott” or the Japanese term for deity called “Kami,” etc.  We can multiple the same thing with the term “Jesus,” “faith,” and “Salvation.”  That doesn’t mean we reject “God” because it’s not a term that’s found in the Original language of the Bible.  We might have many terms that “translates” the content of what the Bible is saying.  Note the priority: It is the content of Scripture that shapes a term that signify its meaning.  In some sense the Trinity is a theological translation of the concept of the Oneness and Threeness of the True God as attested in the Scriptures.

 

This objection might sound like it has a lot of force when one first hears it, but there’s no wind behind its sail upon closer analysis.

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