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Polyergus breviceps parasitic queen

Point: Contrary to the spirit of our age, the New Testament has a lot to say about false teaching and false teachers.  Believers are to be on the alert for them, to resist false doctrines , refute them, warn others about it and not to fellowship with false teachers.  Sometimes Christians today lack discernment and often will just let false teachers go because they use Christian vocabulary with different meanings; that is, false teachers have a pass among some Christians because their false teachings are “sprinkled” with a little bit of Christianese even though the true meaning of their contents are not Christian at all.  It might be appropriate to get the idea across that Christians must be aware of false teachers (be it in the form of a cult leader, compromiser, Liberal or secularists) with the following illustration.

Picture: Polyergus breviceps is a species of ant that is a “social parasite” of three other species of ants: the Formica gnava, Formica occulta and Formica argentea.  According to Wikipedia (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Polyergus_breviceps), these ants have

lost its ability to take care of its young and themselves. “The workers do not forage for food, feed the young or the queen, or even clean up their own nest”.[3] In order to survive, Polyergus workers raid Formica nests in order to steal the pupae which once hatched, become workers of the mixed nest.

Sounds like secular humanists who don’t have children of their own but wishes to control other people’s kids ideologically and otherwise, if you ask me.  The Wikipedia page continues,

What makes Polyergus special is the way a newly mated queen can, all by herself, take over a Formica nest and start a new colony.

The way the Queen Ant goes about it is further described:

After finding a Formica nest, she finds an entrance and is immediately attacked by Formica worker. The queen responds by biting with her sharp mandibles and releasing a pheromone from her enlargedDufour’s gland that, unlike many other parasitic ants, has a pacifying effect. The queen quickly searches for and locates the Formica queen and, with her adapted mandibles, proceeds to bite and lick various parts the Formica queen for an average of 25 minutes.[4] “Within seconds of the host queens death, the nest undergoes a most remarkable transformation”.[3] The Formica workers cease to be aggressive to the intruder and start to groom thePolyergus queen as if it were their own.[3] The takeover now complete, the Polyergus queen gains not only a nest, but a worker caste as well. She then lays her eggs and the cycle continues.

How does the Queen ant manage to control these other ants?  There are two important chemical strategies described.

First, the Queen releases a pheromone that reduces the defense of her victims:

Specific to Polyergus, when the queen first enters a Formica nest she releases a pheromone from her enlarged Dufour’s gland. Topoff did experiments to show that this pheromone has an important facilitative effect in colony usurpation; it reduces the aggression of the defending Formica workers. The researchers took the Dufour’s, pygidial, and poison glands from freshly mated Polyergus queens, using water as a negative control. These were crushed in distilled water to make a solution containing their extracts. Because it was impossible to prevent a Polyergus queen from secreting their own pheromones during a live encounter, they used the harvester ant Pogonomyrmex occidentalis (naturally attacked by Formica) as the subject. These ants were dipped in the above solutions, one ant/solution/test at a time, and placed in a petri dish with three Formica occulta “attackers”. They were observed for three minutes to see for how long the Pogonomyrmex was attacked.[5] The results were as follows: “the mean duration of aggression by the Dufour’s gland treatment was 53.3 seconds…The mean duration of aggression for the water, pygidial gland, and poison gland controls were: 143.5 seconds, and 137.2 seconds and 132.2 seconds respectively”.[5]

This is analogous to the tactics of false teachers ability to pacify resistance, whether it’s an appeal to “tolerance,” “unity,” the use of flattery, tickling of the hearer’s ear, etc.

Secondly, the Queen tricks her victims by absorbing the chemical of the original Queen by licking the dead or killed queen:

Topoff and Ellen Zimmerli also did experiments to prove that the Polyergus queen “tricks” the Formica colony by obtaining chemicals from the Formica queen in the process of killing her. In one test, the Formica queen was killed (by flash freezing then thawing) prior to Polyergus contact. Even though it was already dead, the Polyergus queen bit, stabbed, and licked the queen just as if it were alive: and the Polyergus was consequently accepted by the colony.[4] Another test showed that if no Formica queen was present, then Polyergus had little chance of a successful takeover. Clearly, the Formica queen is providing some sort of chemical(s) to the Polyergus queen, however unintentionally. That takeover can occur even if the host queen is dead, but not if she is not present, proves that chemical absorption is important. The Polyergus queen needs only kill one host queen to be accepted. If the colony was polygynistic, the Polyergus queen can take her time finding the other queens. “Hour by hour, day by day, she methodically locates and kills every Formica queen, sometimes taking several weeks to clear out all remnants of opposition”.[3]

 This is analogous to the tactics of false teachers equivocating Christian terminology in order to gain acceptance.

Conclusion

As Christians we must be careful to discern, warn and refute false teachers and their false teaching that comes into our midst and wishes to take over.

 

GO TO PART 16

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BackPack Radio

This past Sunday BackPack Radio broadcasted in Arizona and online the interview I participated in concerning the Black Hebrew Israelites movement.

You can access this particular show by clicking HERE.

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Vocab Malone

 

Have you ever heard of the Black Hebrew Israelites movement?

Vocab Malone of Back Pack Radio has witnessed to them and has recorded his dialogues with them.  He has divided the audios into 13 parts:


BLACK HEBREW ISRAELITES audio part 1: ACTS 17 and ALL MEN 
Here is the beginning of our “dialogue” …

BLACK HEBREW ISRAELITES audio part 2: WHO IS A SAINT?

According to BHI, only the BHI are saints … !!!

BLACK HEBREW ISRAELITES audio part 3: WHO COMMANDED YOU?
Enjoy this … the third part of a convo w/some local BHI guys. Since they had a bunch of signs out and were yeling loudly at everyone within earshot and then some, I asked what their biblical basis was; as in, who gave them the authority to preach their message?

BLACK HEBREW ISRAELITES audio part 4: HOW IS SIN FORGIVEN?
Here is part 4 of the recent BHI run-in I had by the light rail here in Phoenix. In this section, I try to get to the heart of the matter by asking these young men, “how are your sins forgiven”?
The answers may surprise you!

BLACK HEBREW ISRAELITES audio part 5: JEWS ARE ALL OVER
In this part, the BHI talk about one of their favorite subjects. By the way, I don’t think I have mentioned it yet, but all of the BHI audio has a lot of profanity in it. These young men do not have clean mouths and it shows. So be warned about that … in fact, in some of the upcoming posts, it is going to get much worse!

BLACK HEBREW ISRAELITES audio part 6: WHAT COLOR ARE THE JEWS?
BHI is very concerned with ethnicity and skin tone. In this clip from my talk with them, this concern comes out loud and clear.

BLACK HEBREW ISRAELITES audio part 7: HOW DOES JESUS SAVE?
Here I try to get into some salvation related issues w/the BHI. Hear for yourself how it turned out

BLACK HEBREW ISRAELITES audio part 8: WHAT IS LOVE?
How does a hate-group like the BHI define love?

BLACK HEBREW ISRAELITES audio part 09: GENTILE MEANS JEW?
In the words of one of my friends: “I know I shouldn’t laugh but these guys are a trip. Pray for them. They are angry and lost.”

BLACK HEBREW ISRAELITES audio part 10: WE ARE SCHOLARS!
The BHI – humble, they are not!

BLACK HEBREW ISRAELITES audio part 11: A BYSTANDER CHIMES IN
This clip …
– is mainly a bystander interacting w/the BHI
– does not include much of my dialogue
– is filled with all kinds of crazy profanity
– is absolutely hilarious in a tragic kinda way

I debated about including but in the end thought it could serve a purpose.
Be warned – it is not rated G or PG, to say the least!

BLACK HEBREW ISRAELITES audio part 12: APOCRYPHA NOT CANONICAL
The BHI loves to utilize the Apocrypha for its proof texts – but should it be in the Bible?

BLACK HEBREW ISRAELITES audio part 13: BOASTING IN LINEAGE
This is the last clip in the series. I hope these were helpful for you to understand their mentality a bit so you can better share the gospel with them.

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GO TO PART ONE

Purpose: Sometimes Christians will say that studying the truth alone is enough for apologetics, that there is no need to know what are the errors out there.  While certainly Christians should be grounded deep in the Word of God, there is a place for Christians to be able to be on the alert with some basic knowledge of what some of the common dangerous doctrine looks like.

Parable:

School found using bomb as bell

KAMPALA (Reuters) – A mine awareness team in Uganda was horrified to find an unexploded bomb being used as a bell when they visited a school to teach children how to spot bombs, a local newspaper reported.

The Anti-Mine Network organization saw teachers banging the bomb with stones to call children to lessons in a 700-pupil school in a rural area, the Daily Monitor said.

“Its head was still active, which means that if it is hit by a stronger force, it would explode instantly and cause untold destruction in the area,” Wilson Bwambale, coordinator of the organization, told the newspaper.

Bwambale said they would explode it in a cordoned off area.

The Ugandan military has fought two rebel insurgencies over the last two decades and mines and bombs still litter former battlefields around the country.

This is the second bomb that the Anti-Mine Network have found in a Ugandan school in the last six months. Another was found being used by children at lunchtime as a toy and put away in a storeroom during lessons.

Question:  Don’t you think it was important that the general public who are not bomb experts also have some general knowledge of the characteristic of a bomb since it’s that dangerous?

Answer: Yes!  In the same fashion, the general Christian public should also have some basic knowledge to be able to identify false teaching if they were to hear it.  Just as there are indicators that suggest an explosive device that lead one to be on the alert, Christians should also be taught to be on the alert for certain buzz words, terminology, themes and emphasises of various cult groups, isms and worldviews out there.  Having this basic knowledge can turn one radar’s on when one meet someone who say they are Christian and would like to share at your work bible study or campus fellowship group, etc.


GO TO PART 3

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