Archive for the ‘Old Princeton’ Category

Princeton Seminary 1812-1929 Gary Steward

Gary Steward. Princeton Seminary (1812-1929): Its Leaders’ Lives and Works.
Phillipsburg, NJ: Crossway Books, 2014. 321 pp.

The legacy of Princeton Theological Seminary has been hotly debated over the years yet fascinatingly enough a revival of interests into the theology and professors of Old Princeton has been growing in light of the growth of Calvinistic expressions of the Christian faith.  This book tells the story of Old Princeton during the years of 1812 through 1929 by giving the readers a biographical account of theologians that has defined the Seminary.  I enjoyed how the book not only gave us the life of these theologians but also each biographical chapter on a theologian is followed by a chapter that takes a closer look at the respective man’s particular theological writing and contribution.  This format allows us to get a sense of the “life and doctrine” of Old Princeton.  It also helps to advance the author’s thesis that Old Princeton held to two uncompromising conviction: (1) rigorous academic theologizing which is compatible with (2) personal piety and holiness.  I think Steward does persuasively makes his case and after reading the book I think it is unfortunate that Old Princeton has become so maligned even among Christian circles.

The first chapter of the book covers the founding of Princeton Seminary.  I appreciated the author giving us a larger context of theological education for Pastors prior to the Seminary being formed.  Obviously there was a need before the founding of Princeton.  I learned from the book that before 1746 ministers had only three options for their education: Harvard, Yale or Europe.  It certainly makes one appreciate the contemporary landscape in North America with countless seminary to choose from.  I also learned from the first chapter of the book of the Log College that would serve as a model for Princeton Seminary with its emphasis on spiritual experience and intellectual cultivation.  At first the Presbyterians founded a college (later Princeton University) but eventually the need for a separate Seminary independent from the college led them to found the Seminary.  Early on Princeton Seminary was founded to accomplish the goal of producing men who were capable scholars of the Bible that was able to handle the Scripture in its original languages and faithful to the Westminster Confession of Faith in their application of the Word of God to ethics and apologetics.

The first biographical chapter in the book was on the Seminary’s first full time professor, Archibald Alexander.  Alexander was an incredibly intellectually gifted man.  In an era in which it was hard to acquire books Alexander was able to purchase the library of a minister from Holland that allowed him to become well acquainted with Dutch Reformed thought, early Patristic, Renaissance philosophers and the history of the larger Protestant theology.  With all his contribution in his prime of his life it is amazing to read that he worked hard even towards the end of his life with the last ten years his most productive.  The author also examined more closely Archibald Alexander’s work titled Thoughts on Religious Experience which focuses on one’s examination of religious experience to see if its Scriptural and authentic, thus showing how early in the Seminary history Old Princeton faculty was not only about the mind but ministered with nuance sensitivity in taking into account all of man’s faculty.

Other theologians that the book focused on included Samuel Miller (their second professor in the Seminary), Charles Hodge, James and Joseph Alexander (sons of Archibald Alexander), and Archibald Alexander Hodge (son of Charles Hodge and obviously named after Archibald Alexander).  I was intrigued to learn that Charles Hodge was the first in the faculty to go to Europe to study abroad.  This was in order for Hodge to familiarize himself with the bad theology coming from Liberal scholarship especially from Germany.  Of course later other professors from Old Princeton (and at other seminary I would add, including today) would follow suit.  I wonder if that was a wise precedence for others to follow since one who is not theologically grounded can come back with dangerous ideas and teachings that can “infect” a good seminary.  In the case with Charles Hodge it was beneficial.  I was very encouraged with the biographical account of James Alexander who first became a missionary who later on did much work in reaching the urban poor and develop materials for the Sunday School movement.  The personality of A.A. Hodge with his ability to effectively popularize Princeton theology and illustrate spiritual truths for people’s understanding was equally encouraging for anyone desireingto follow the model of a “Pastor-Scholar” or “Scholar-Pastor.”

I wished the book would have also given a full chapter each on the life of B.B. Warfield and Machen.  Both Warfield and Machen were important figures in the twilight years of Old Princeton but the author lumped the two of them together in a brief sketch in the last chapter of the book.

Another aspect of the book that I appreciate is the historical perspective that one gets to look at the times through the College/Seminary and its faculty.  These faculty members lived through some amazing time period of American history.  Sometimes they also participated in American history such as Witherspoon, Rush and Stockton of Princeton College who participated with the cause of American Independence and even signed the Declaration of Independence!  Yet we also see as a general trajectory a caution among the faculty of the Seminary itself, such as Miller who backed away from the political the older he became, Charles Hodge’s reluctance to fan the flame before the Civil War by even adopting a moderating tone while being against slavery but being cautious towards full abolitionists and Secessionists in the South.  Towards the end of the Civil War Charles Hodge did become more vocal about the Union, even seeing the North’s victory a sign of God’s providence.  Hodge’s own son also was against slavery but was able to see the difficult question and concern for church entanglement politically with the slave question.

In conclusion I was greatly encouraged and challenged by the book and the examples of the theologians of Old Princeton to be a minister of the Word who continue to strive to grow in intellectual ability in articulating, preaching and defending the faith while also continue to grow in personal holiness.  This book would be a great gift to encourage your pastor and also for Seminarians to see their studies with the need to be pastoral.  It definitely encouraged my soul as a Pastor.  I pray that I can follow in these men’s footstep and be to some degree the kind of men these guys were.

NOTE: This book was provided to me free by P&R Publishing and Net Galley without any obligation for a positive review. All opinions offered above are mine unless otherwise stated or implied.

Purchase: Westminster | Amazon

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The influential Princeton Theologian B.B. Warfield has made a tremendous impact that people still benefit from his writing today.

Over at Monergism they have graciously done a great work by making available online for free seven of his books.

Here are the works from Warfield:

Faith and Life (eBook) by B. B. Warfield

Studies in Theology (eBook) by B. B. Warfield

Biblical Doctrines (eBook) by B. B. Warfield

Calvin and Calvinism (eBook) by B. B. Warfield

Augustine & The Pelagian Controversy (eBook)

The Making of the Westminster Confession (eBook) by B. B. Warfield

Sermons and Essays from the Works of B. B. Warfield (eBook) by B. B. Warfield


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Purchase: Amazon

As we approach the end of 2012, in light of the 200 year anniversary of Princeton Theological Seminary I thought it would be appropriate to review this book. There is no doubt that the legacy of Princeton Theological Seminary has been important and it’s impact acknowledged by those across different theological spectrum, though what that legacy is debated. In light of the debate of whether the contribution of “Princetonian Theology” has been positive or not, this book is part of that greater conversation, though it addresses the very specific concern of historical theology. Some have advocated that it was through Princeton and specifically B.B. Warfield that the concept of Biblical infallibility and the incipient form of inerrancy was formed. However, if this thesis were to be true, the author of this book, Ronald Satta, points out that this must mean we would not see those before Warfield to have the same bibliology, or even his contemporary from other different theological camps and ecclesiastical convictions. This monograph documents how the theological and intellectual elites of Protestant Christians around the time of Warfield and before Warfield did hold to the same view of Princeton when it comes to infallibility. It does a fine job of the historical leg work documenting sources that question how some see the doctrine of biblical infallibility as nothing more than an invention of Princeton Seminary. This book is an adaptation of the author’s doctoral dissertation.

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A few months ago I did a post about Greenville’s Presbyterian Theological Seminary’s 2012 Theological Conference’s theme was on Old Princeton.  Old Princeton is a fascinating part of historical theology for me–and no doubt from the amount of books and journals published about it, the contribution of Old Princeton is still important and relevant when it comes to understanding apologetics, bibliology, ecclesiology, the modernist/fundamentalist divide, etc.

They have just recently loaded up all the lectures from that conference for Free!  Let them you appreciate it.  I know I definitely do!  On that note, I’m also thankful for our friend Jeff Downs who loaded these up!

There are twelve Mp3s in the Series:

1.) “Princeton Beginnings (A. Alexander)” by James Garretson

2.) “Samuel Miller’s Pastoral Theology” by Pastor Andrew Webb

3.) “Princeton and the Old Testament” by Benjamin Shaw

4.) “Scripture, Inerrancy, & the Role of Reason” by Paul Helseth

5.) “Princeton and Missions” by L. Anthony Curto

6.) “Ecclesiology: The Hodge/Thornwell Exchange” by C. N. Willborn

7.) “19th Century Crosscurrents: Hodge/Finney/Neven” by Daryl G. Hart

8.) “Princeton and Evolution/Creation” by Joseph Pipa

9.) “Biblical Rationale for a Reformed Seminary” by Joseph Pipa

10.) “Theological Assessment of B. B. Warfield” by Carl R. Trueman

11.) “Machen and the End of Old Princeton” by Daryl G. Hart

12.) “Q&A Combined” by Various Speakers

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I’m a fan of reading up things by Old Princeton and also about Old Princeton. Or for that matter, listening to things about Old Princeton.

Of course, there are lots of debates about the significance and the legacy of Old Princeton, even among conservatives.

Greenville Seminary has loaded up some of the lectures from their Spring 2012 conference and also podcasts interviews on this subject.  You might enjoy them! I can not wait till they load up all the lectures online.

Princeton and the Old Testament– Interview with Dr. Benjamin Shaw.  Fascinating discussion, and I believe that this topic is very relevant today in light of the fact that some scholars that came from a Reformed Presuasion has swayed into more liberal methods, it’s a timely lesson for today.

Charles Hodge and Thornwell Debate- Interview with Dr. Willborn on this historical discussion.

Scripture, Inerrancy and the Role of Reason- Lecture by Dr. Helseth who wrote the book concerning Princeton and Right reason (gets into the controversy of Scottish Sense realism charge).

Biblical Rational for a Reformed Seminary- Dr. Pipa, president of Greenville Seminary, gives the rational for a Reformed Seminary.



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There’s some good Christian conferences it seems for 2012 thus far!

Here’s one that’s interesting for those who are into Apologetics, Reformed Theology and historical theology with Old Princeton!

You can find out more information by going to the website HERE.

*Note: Tuesday and Wednesday Night Sessions are free to the public to attend.

Tuesday : March 13

9:30 – 11:00 Open House at GPTS

11:00 – 1:00 Registration Table and Bookstore Open at WRPC

11:15 – 12:15 Prospective Student Luncheon at GPTS

1:00 – 2:15
  • Princeton Beginnings (Archibald Alexander)
  • Dr. James M. Garretson
  • Former pastor of congregations in the Orthodox Presbyterian Church and Presbyterian Church in America and author of A Scribe Well-Trained: Archibald Alexander and the Life of Piety and Princeton and Preaching: Archibald Alexander and the Christian Ministry.

2:20 – 3:35
  • Samuel Miller’s Pastoral Theology
  • Mr. Andrew Webb
  • Pastor of Providence Presbyterian Church (PCA) in Fayetteville, North Carolina.

3:35 – 4:00 Break

4:00 – 5:15
  • Princeton and the Old Testament
  • Dr. Benjamin Shaw
  • Academic dean and associate professor of Old Testament and Hebrew at Greenville Seminary.

5:15 – 5:40 Question and Answer

5:40 – 7:00 Catered Dinner

7:00 – 8:30
  • Scripture, Inerrancy, and the Role of Reason
  • Dr. Paul K. Helseth
  • Professor of Christian Thought at Northwestern College, St. Paul, Minnesota, and author of Right Reason and the Princeton Mind: An Unorthodox Proposal.

Wednesday : March 14

9:00 – 10:15
  • Princeton and Missions
  • Dr. Tony Curto
  • Associate professor of Practical Theology in Missions and Apologetics at Greenville Seminary, and Missionary Evangelist for the Orthodox Presbyterian Church to Ethiopia.

10:15 – 10:35 Break

10:35 – 11:55
  • Ecclesiology: The Hodge / Thornwell Exchange
  • Dr. C.N. Willborn
  • Adjunct professor of Church History at Greenville Seminary and pastor of Covenant Presbyterian Church (PCA) in Oak Ridge, Tennessee.

12:00 – 1:30 Catered Lunch

1:30 – 2:45
  • 19th Century Crosscurrents: Hodge, Finney & Nevin
  • Dr. Darryl Hart
  • Visiting professor of History at Hillsdale College in Michigan. He has taught at Wheaton College, Westminster Seminary, Westminster Seminary California.

2:50 – 4:05
  • Princeton and Evolution/Creation
  • Dr. Fred Zaspel
  • Pastor at Reformed Baptist Church in Franconia, Pennsylvania. He is the author of The Theology of B.B. Warfield: A Systematic Summary.

4:05 – 4:35 Break

4:35 – 5:20 Question and Answer

5.20 – 7:00 Dinner Break

7:00 – 8:30
  • Biblical Rationale for a Reformed Seminary
  • Dr. Joseph A. Pipa, Jr.
  • President of Greenville Seminary and Professor of Historical and Systematic Theology.

Thursday : March 15

9:00 – 10:15
  • Theological Assessment of B. B. Warfield
  • Dr. Carl Trueman
  • Professor of Historical Theology and Church History and academic dean/vice president for academic affairs at Westminster Theological Seminary in Philadelphia.

10:15 – 10:35 Break

10:35 – 11:50
  • Machen and the End of Old Princeton
  • Dr. Darryl Hart
  • Visiting professor of History at Hillsdale College in Michigan. He has taught at Wheaton College, Westminster Seminary, Westminster Seminary California.

11:50 – 12:20 Question and Answer

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In continuing with our week long series on how Google Books is a great resource for the Christian apologist, tonight I want to pick up where we last left off last night on Veritas Domain concerning the subject of Old Testament Higher Criticism.

Many times critics of the Bible package the Documentary Hypothesis as if it’s a new thing, that Christians have not been able to handle.  Certainly, JEDP is a mantra among professors in state run public universities, and assumed to be unanswered by Christians.

Those who are aware of their historical theology knows that this is not the case, that there were men who addressed this issue and refuted it such as those from Old Princeton.  Rather than reinvent the wheels, we must know what those have gone before us has contributed in their response so as to allow us to be inform of the historical arguments given.  In the 21st century, Old Princeton speaks from the grave, thanks to Google books.

1.) “The Higher Criticism of the Pentateuch”- by William Henry Green, professor of the Old Testament in Princeton Theological Seminary.  This 1895 work runs under two hundred pages, and was one of the early responses, first published in 1895.

2.) “The Unity of the book of Genesis”— by William Henry Green, professor of the Old Testament in Princeton Theological Seminary.  Similar to “The Higher Criticism of the Pentateuch”, this work was published in 1895, but is more specific since it addresses Higher Criticism concerning the book of Genesis.  The work is almost six hundred pages!

3.) “Is the Higher Criticism Scholarly?”— By Robert Dick Wilson, professor of the Old Testament in Princeton Theological Seminary.  Wilson later went on to be one of the founding faculty of The Westminster Seminary under Machen.  This 1922 short work considers the question that became it’s title, and was written primarily for the General reading audience.

4.) “Studies in the Book of Daniel”— By Robert Dick Wilson, professor of the Old Testament in Princeton Theological Seminary.  Written in 1917, this work is four hundred pages long, and some might be surprised at how detailed responses were already published back then!


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