Posts Tagged ‘Covenantal Apologetics’

Bahnsen Always Ready

As I mentioned recently in my post Greg Bahnsen’s Lectures: Answer to Frame’s Critique of Van Til the late Christian Apologist Greg Bahnsen is someone who impacted me the post in terms of my apologetics’ methodology with something called Presuppositional Apologetics.

Some years ago I wrote a review of his most popular apologetics books here: Review: Always Ready: Directions For Defending The Faith by Greg L. Bahnsen.

Apparently the book is now available as an audiobook! And its available for free!

It is divided by chapters too!  That’s helpful for listeners.


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These are Presuppositional apologetics’ links gathered between May 22nd-31st, 2021.  Enjoy!

1.) Cave to the Cross’ Ep. 125 – Why Should I Believe Christianity – God Is There – Part 1

2.) Bible Contradiction? May strangers observe the Passover?

3.) Revalationary Apologetics’ A Response to David Pallmann – Part 1

4.) Is John Frame’s Triperspectivalism a Third Way for Critical Race Theory?

5.)Why couldn’t Logic just be Descriptive?

6.) Apologetics Sermon Illustration # 63: Why we warn against false teachers and a registered sex offender in a retreat for sex assault survivors

7.)Cave to the Cross’ Ep. 126 – Why Should I Believe Christianity? – God Is There – Part 2


9.) Worldviews, Apologetics, and the Myth of Neutrality – A Discussion with Dr. James White

10.) Against All Opposition Defending the Christian Worldview PDF Study Guide

Missed the last round up?  Check out the re-blogged post from a friend 

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Here are links related to Presuppositional apologetics gathered between May 1st-7th, 2021.

1.) Cave to the Cross’ Ep. 122 – Why Should I Believe Christianity – Christianity As A Worldview – Part 2

2.) Bible Contradiction? Should we do what the Pharisees say to do?

3.) Answering the Critics Without Being Foolish

4.) Does Logic Presuppose Christianity? — Part 4: The Epistemology of Logic

5.) Does Presuppositional Apologetics Claim that Nonbelievers cannot know things?

6.) The British Empiricists

7.) One Less God

8.) Revelationary Apologetics Episode 2: General Theism / Problem of Evil

Missed the last round up?  Check out the re-blogged post from a friend

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These are Presuppositional apologetics’ links gathered between May 22nd-31st, 2020.  Enjoy!

1.) Can Relativists Oppose Racism Or Any Truth Claim?

2.) Objection to Prayer: If God is sovereign why pray?

3.) How Do We Know Jesus Rose From the Dead? | Arguing for the Resurrection

4.) Bible Contradiction? How did Peter and Andrew become Jesus’s disciples?

5.) Jesus’ actions at the temple justify the riots?


Missed the last round up?  Check out the re-blogged post from a friend ,  and a repost here.

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Here are links related to Presuppositional apologetics gathered between May 1st-7th, 2020.

1.)Refuting the Friendly Atheist Question 24 – Psalm 22 Says Jesus Won

2.) Tips on apologetics

3.) Bible Contradiction? Was Solomon alone when he sacrificed 1000 burnt offerings at Gibeon?

4.) The Worship of Logic and Mathematics

5.) Christian Kindle Book Deals – 05/07/2020

6.) Strategic priorities in apologetics

7.) The Canonicity of Scripture (On Scripture with Mark Ward, Ep. 1)

8.) Psalm 118 in Jesus’ last week


Missed the last round up?  Check out the re-blogged post from a friend OR that of Another REBLOG HERE, another HERE and a repost HERE

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These are Presuppositional apologetics’ links gathered between May 22nd-31st, 2019.  Enjoy! (There’s a lot of links this time!)

1.) Cave To The Cross Apologetics: Atheists Should Be Skeptical Of Reason (Ep.20)

2.) Apologetics’ Lectures: The Theological Foundations of Modern Science

3.) Reformed Forum Critique of J. V. Fesko’s “Reformed Apologetics”

4.) Revelation, Speculation and Science

5.)Still Not Living in a Computer Simulation

6.) Bible Contradiction? Where did Moses get water from a rock?

7.) A look at the problematic theology in CS Lewis’ “Mere Christianity”

8.)Microevolution and Biblical Apologetics

9.) Roundup on presuppositionalism

10.) Christianity and Liberalism and Hermeneutical Presuppositions

11.) Bible Contradiction? How did Moses get water out of the rock?


Missed the last round up?  Check out the re-blogged post from a friend ,  and a repost here.

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Here are links related to Presuppositional apologetics gathered between May 1st-7th, 2019.

1.) Refuting Reza Aslan’s Anti-Jesus Nonsense

2.) Bible Contradiction? What tribe was Aijalon from?

3.) Witnessing Tools

4.) GPTS Jerry Crick Memorial Lecture


6.) DEBATE: Apologetics Methodology Presuppositionalism vs Evidentialism Pt. 2

7.) Steve Hays’ on RHE

8.) I’m Not A Christian Anymore: An Analysis


Missed the last round up?  Check out the re-blogged post from a friend or that of another reblog here, and a repost here.


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These are Presuppositional apologetics’ links gathered between May 22nd-31st, 2018.  Enjoy!

(There’s a lot of links this time!)

1.) Greg Bahnsen and Apologetics

2.) What are some ways you share the gospel locally using Apologetics? College Campuses Evangelism

3.) Examining Hinduism

4.) Series on Logic Part 11 – Equivocation

5.) I Think, Therefore “I AM”: Van Til’s TAG

6.) Modern Science and its Christian Basis

7.) If Equality, then God

8.) You Cannot Be Neutral


10.) Why Is There Evil In The World (And So Much Of It?…


12.) The Battle of the Brute Facts

13.) Jason Lisle: The Importance of Genesis


Missed the last round up?  Check out the re-blogged post from a friend OR that of Another REBLOG HERE

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Here are links related to Presuppositional apologetics gathered between May 1st-7th, 2017.

1.) Science Requires God

2.) Cornelius Van Til – 122nd Birthday

3.) Some Thoughts on the Lowder-Turek Debate

4.) The Trinity Expressed in All Creation through Unity and Diversity

5.) Fight the Good Fight

6.) God, evil, and illusion

7.) Why Francis Schaeffer Matters: An Introduction – Part 1


Missed the last round up?  Check out the re-blogged post from a friend OR that of Another REBLOG HERE

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Note: I realized that over the years I’ve blogged a lot on Presuppositional apologetics but I have just discovered that somehow I have never posted my review of Greg Bahnsen’s Classic book titled Always Ready!  Here’s my review, written several years ago.

Bahnsen Always Ready


Purchase: Westminster | Amazon

It seems as if most of Bahnsen’s books were published after his death than during his own lifetime. Bahnsen’s Always Ready is one of those works, published after his death that was based largely on various essays which he wrote concerning Presuppositional apologetics. Some have commented that this work is rather disorganized or repetitive. If this is so, the fault of the book being disorganized can be attributed to the fact mentioned earlier that the materials originally were not meant as a book. However, in my estimation, the editor Randy Booth did a good job organizing the various chapters in the book in a clear, logical order. It also does not strike me as unnecessarily repetitive either. Rather, Always Ready is a work that is still on top of my list of recommended resources to those who want a good introduction to Van Tillian’s apologetics.

In much of Bahnsen’s other works and lectures, he always begin any discussion about apologetics by refuting religious neutrality. This motif portray the heavy influence Christian apologist Cornelius Van Til has on Bahnsen’s apologetics, and this theme of religious neutrality is valuable in apologetics, which Bahnsen explained in the first section of the book: Neutrality robs the believer and it is a philosophical impossibility (not to mention it’s unethical character!). This point might seem repetitive, but it is a fundamental point in understanding and appreciating the coherence of Presuppositional Apologetics.

Many have observed Bahnsen’s ability to debate, and have seen or heard how he has tackled head-on unbelievers in various venues. This work gives us some of the content of what was going on in the mind of this notable apologist, whom John Frame even believed was the best debater for Presuppositionalism. For the astute and willing student, Bahnsen provides the tools in this book to be equipped in their own apologetics to interact meaningfully and biblically with nonbelievers. As someone who’s life goal was to “take it to the streets” in applying apologetics rather than just discussing theory, Bahnsen’s insight has also been tested in real debate situation. For instance, his chapter on the problem of evil will illuminate readers as to why he took the approach he did concerning the problem of evil in his famous debate with atheist Gordon Stein. His discussion of the problem of miracle and religious language towards the end of the work are also valuable in the apologist’s arsenal, especially for those who take it seriously to be “always ready,” even with the more philosophically sophisticated unbeliever. The book also gives the reader a summary of various logical fallacies to look out for which unbeliever typically make, regardless of their range of intellectual ability.  Bahnsen’s strength in many of his debates have been his quickness to identify fallacious reasoning, here in this book one can see what these fallacies are for the readers to be conscious of. In my personal life, working hard in applying the lessons found in this book has resulted in some level of fruitfulness in exposing the folly of unbelief.

The longest chapter happens to be the last chapter, where Bahnsen discusses Acts 17 as it relates to apologetics. His work on Acts 17 was better in clarity and exegesis than his mentor Van Til did in his pamphlet “Paul at Athens.”  From my survey of apologetics literature, every school of apologetics has their take on Acts 17, but Bahnsen has given us by far the best apologist’s exegetical treatment of the passage.

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These are our collection of Presuppositional apologetics’ links from around the World Wide Web between August 1st-7th, 2014.


1.) Atheism Fails as a Worldview: It Lacks Objective Moral Values


3.) Why Materialism Cannot Object to The Miraculous

4.) Cornelius Van Til’s lectures on Modern Theology

5.) Late week’s installment of Presuppositional Apologetics’ Links 

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Here is a collection of links on Presuppositional apologetics between May 8th-14th, 2014.

Which links proved beneficial for you?

1.) Cornelius Van Til Meets the Radical Homosexual Agenda

2.)Apologetics 101 Lectures on Itunes by Rev. Dr. K. Scott Oliphint

3.) The Bible & Homosexual Practice with Robert Gagnon

4.) Gay “Christian” FAQS [2]

5.) A Case Against Islam

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Here are the links between February 7th-14th, 2014 on Presuppositional apologetics.

What are the links you were blessed with?

1.) Dear Presuppositionalist

2.) “Genesis is not a science textbook”

3.) What is YOUR Worldview? Interview with James Anderson

4.) Common Objections: The Old Testament is Full of Rape, Murder, Slavery, Homophobia

5.)Greg Bahnsen’s Commentary on His Debate with Stein

6.) Where the Bill Nye v. Ken Ham Debate Went off Track

7.) Treading Through the Tenets:Cumulus Clouds or Cognitive Concrete?

8.)Naturalism and Induction


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Michael Boehm youth apologetics

I first heard of Michael Boehm’s ministry on Sermon Audio.  Through his ministry, Youth Apologetics Group, he makes available for free many of his teachings.  They cover a vast area, ranging from the cults, worldviews and atheism.

I don’t doubt his ministry is used by the Lord to bless others and he certainly seems like a sincere nice guy.  He has recently written and spoken on three types of apologetics that touches on Evidential, Presuppositional and Classical school of apologetics.  While I haven’t listen to the audios yet, I think his written overview on Presuppositional apologetics could have been better and merit a response.  This response in no way take away from what he is trying to do in serving the Lord.  I hope in some way this might encourage him to give Presuppositional apologetics a closer look in the future.

In what follows, I quote Michael Boehm followed by my thoughts.


1.) “The name Presuppositional Apologetics was formally coined by apologist Cornelius Van Til and popularized by Greg Bahnsen.”

Response: Typically it would make sense to assume that the father of a movement or school of thought would have the privilege of naming it what they want it to be named.  However, this isn’t always the case.  To be historically correct, Cornelius Van Til didn’t coin the term “Presuppositional apologetics.”  Presbyterian historian and Van Til biographer John Muether describes the interesting story behind the name “Presuppositionalism”:

The term presuppositionalism was probably coined a decade before the Clark controversy by Allan MacRae, Van Til’s antagonist on the early Westminster faculty, and it was intended as a term of derision.  J. Oliver Buswell later popularlized it in a series of articles in The Bible Today that ran in 1948 and 1949.  The term was not Van Til’s choice, although eh frequently referred to the necessity of reasoning by presupposition

Still, it is striking to discover in Van Til how rarely he labeled his own work as ‘presuppositionalism.’  As MacRae and Buswell trafficked in the term critically and disparagingly, Van Til seemed to respond by acknowledgin that, despite its vagueness and ambiguity, it was of some usefulness.  However, he seldom chose to call his system by that name.  He tended to refer to it simply as ‘Reformed apologetcs,’ thereby stressing its consistency with Reformed theology and epistemology.” (John R. Muether, Cornelius Van Til: Reformed Apologist and Churchman, 113-114)

One of Van Til’s successor, K. Scott Oliphint himself advance the thesis that it’s better to rename Van Til’s apologetic Covenantal apologetics, since he believes that Presuppositional apologetics “is no longer descriptively useful, and it offers now more confusion than clarity when the subject of apologetics arises” (K Scott Oliphint, Covenantal Apologetics: Principles and Practice in Defense of Our Faith, 38).  Many reasons drive Oliphint to say that and no doubt among them is the fact that Van Til himself didn’t invent the term.  I do think the term Covenantal Apologetics is also a loaded term but as they say, that’s another sermon for another time.

2.) “Presuppositionalists understand that everyone has presuppositions or starting points.  The starting point for the believer is that God exists and he has written His law on our hearts.  It is also presupposed that everyone deep down inside understands this.”

Response: I agree.  But I think it’s also important to add that a distinctive of Presuppositional apologetics is how these truths shape the Presuppositionalist’s apologetics: To demonstrate that the unbelievers suppress the truth inside, the apologist must make the unbeliever “epistemologically conscious” and show how the worldview they claim will reduce the intelligibility and meaningfulness of everything, yet they believe there are some things in life that is meaningful and intelligible indicating another worldview is actually presupposed.

3.) “Presuppositional Apologetics allows you to skip past the multitude of intellectual arguments and go straight to the heart of the issue which is their sin and need for a savior.  By skipping over the intellectual and personal objections you can get to the gospel every time.”

Response: I don’t think we can find in the writing of Cornelius Van Til and Greg Bahnsen (the two Presuppositionalists Michael Boehm referenced) saying we must “skip” the unbelievers intellectual objections per se.  While they stress the priorities of presuppostions that shape one’s intellectual objection against the faith that must be first addressed, Presuppositionalism isn’t a strategy of dodge and run.  It doesn’t seem that Boehm is accusing Presuppositionalists of this but I want to clarify so it doesn’t seem to imply to this for those who might read his article and are skeptical of Presuppositionalism.  It is true though that a Presuppositionalist must go to the heart of the matter and to the Gospel when they are dialoguing with an unbeliever, as any apologist must do if they are Christian.  I also believe hitting on the core presuppositions that are dear to the heart allows one to be closer to address the issue of the heart, intellectual idols and ultimate commitment, etc., that makes a great bee line for the Gospel.

4.) “Presuppositional Apologetics often tends towards a hyper-Calvinistic position.  Because hyper-Calvinism puts a heavy emphasis on God being the one that does all the work converting the sinner, the hyper-Calvinist may not put as much passion and effort into witnessing.”

Response: I disagree.  A hyper-Calvinist who erroneously believe that God does all the work and that He has not ordained believers as the means to His purpose will end up not doing anything–not even engaging someone with Presuppostional apologetics.  So I don’t see how Presuppositionalism “tend towards a hyper-Calvinistic position.”   Presuppositionalism does not necessitate hyper-Calvinism nor vice versa.

5.) “Another potential drawback to Presuppositional Apologetics is that the sceptic might accuse you of begging the question.  They may feel that you’re not proving your point and that you’re assuming what you’re trying to prove.”

Response: This is the biggest objection people typically bring against Van Til’s apologetics, the charge of circularity or begging the question.  It is a charge that I’m often surprised at since it has been addressed many times by Presuppositionalists.  For instance, Van Til himself took on the Charge of Circular Reasoning, Chris Bolt of Choosing Hat some years back has written “It’s Circular Because It’s Circular” and many other individuals r.”  One might find what these men written helpful.  My own thoughts on the issue of authority and circularity can be found in outline teaching form at “.”

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Sye doppelganger


Here’s a debate Sye had with an atheist about a year ago but it’s only recently loaded up online on Youtube:


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