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a-covenant-with-god

I. Introduction

a. This covenant is God’s covenant to David and David’s descendants.

b. The content of the Covenant is found mainly in four passages

i.      2 Samuel 7:8-16

ii.      1st Chronicles 17:7-14

iii.      Psalm 89

iv.      Jeremiah 33:14-26

II. Elements

a. Setting

i.      2 Samuel 7:8-16

1. God gave David peace from his enemies (v.1)

2. David plans to build a house of Cedar for the for the ark of God (v.2)

ii.      1st Chronicles 17:7-14

1. David plans to build a house of Cedar for the for the ark of God (v.1)

iii.      Psalm 89

1. A Psalm written by Ethan the Ezrahite (Hebrew Psalm 89:1)

iv.      Jeremiah 33:14-26

1. Word of the LORD coming to Jeremiah the second time while confined in the court of the Guard (v.1)

b. Recipients

i.      David (2 Samuel 7:8; Psalm 89:3)

ii.      David’s descendants (2 Samuel 7:12)

c, Promise

i.      David’s name will be made great (2 Samuel 7:9; 1 Chronicles 7:8; Psalm 89:24-27)

ii.      David will be protected by God (Psalm 89:19-23)

iii.     Israel will be at peace from her enemies (2 Samuel 7:10; 1 Chronicles 7:9b-10a; Jeremiah 33:16)

iv.     Israel will have their own place (1 Chronicles 7:9a; Jeremiah 33:16)

v.      A house will be made for David (2 Samuel 7:11; 1 Chronicles 7:10b)

vi.      God will discipline David’s descendants (2 Samuel 7:14; Psalm 89:30-32)

vii.      A descendant of David whom God will establish His kingdom (2 Samuel 7:12; 1 Chronicles 7:11)

viii.      A descendant of David who will build a house for God (2 Samuel 7:13a; 1 Chronicles 7:12)

ix.      A descendant of David who will have the throne of his kingdom forever (2 Samuel 7:13b; 2Samuel 7:16; 1 Chronicles 17:12, 14; Psalm 89:4, 29, 36; Jeremiah 33:17)

x.      A descendant of David who will be God’s Son (2 Samuel 7:14; 1 Chronicles 17:13)

xi.      A descendant of David who will be shown God’s loving-kindness forever (1 Chronicles 17:13)
xii.     This descendant (“Branch of David”) will execute justice on earth (Jeremiah 33:15)

d. Requirement

i.     Obedience

III. Is the Davidic Covenant forever?

a. A descendant of David is said to be in the future as reigning forever (2 Samuel 7:13b; 2Samuel 7:16; 1 Chronicles 7:12, 14)

b. Yahweh will be faithful (Psalm 89:1-2, 5-10, 46-52)

c. Covenant mentioned as forever

i.      Psalm 89:28

ii.      Even if the descendants of David are being disciplined (Psalm 89:30-35)

d. Comparison to the moon and the sky being established (Psalm 89:37)

e. Based upon the certainty of the Noahic Covenant (Jeremiah 33:20-21, 25-27)

IV. Further notes

V. JESUS CHRIST THE PROPHECIED SON OF DAVID

a. Matthew 1:1- “Son of David” mentioned before “Son of Abraham”!

b. Matthew 2:2- Jesus is the King of the Jews!

c. Luke 1:32- “the throne of His Father David”

d. Luke 1:67- A horn of Salvation for those “in the House of David”

e. Romans 1:3- Jesus “descendant of David”

GO TO PART 6

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