Feeds:
Posts
Comments

Posts Tagged ‘Jonah’

bible_contradiction_how_should_strangers_be_treated_resolved

For today’s post we will tackle the question the Skeptic Annotated Bible asked: How should strangers be treated?

Here are the two answers which the skeptic believes shows a Bible contradiction:

Love and be kind to them.

“The stranger who resides with you shall be to you as the native among you, and you shall love him as yourself, for you were strangers in the land of Egypt; I am the Lord your God.” (Leviticus 19:34)

“So show your love for the stranger, for you were strangers in the land of Egypt.” (Deuteronomy 10:19)

“You shall not pervert the justice due a stranger or an orphan, nor seize a widow’s garment as a pledge.” (Deuteronomy 24:17)

“Now in case a countryman of yours becomes poor and his means among you falter, then you are to sustain him, like a stranger or a resident, so that he may live with you.” (Leviticus 25:35)

“You shall not oppress a stranger nor torment him, for you were strangers in the land of Egypt.” (Exodus 22:21)

“You shall not oppress a stranger, since you yourselves know the feelings of a stranger, for you also were strangers in the land of Egypt.” (Exodus 23:9)

“When a stranger resides with you in your land, you shall not do him wrong.” (Leviticus 19:33)

“if you do not oppress the stranger, the orphan, or the widow, and do not shed innocent blood in this place, nor follow other gods to your own ruin,” (Jeremiah 7:6)

“and do not oppress the widow or the orphan, the stranger or the poor; and do not devise evil in your hearts against one another.’” (Zechariah 7:10)

“And you shall not glean your vineyard, nor shall you gather the fallen grapes of your vineyard; you shall leave them for the needy and for the stranger. I am the Lord your God.” (Leviticus 19:10)

“When you reap your harvest in your field and forget a sheaf in the field, you are not to go back to get it; it shall belong to the stranger, the orphan, and to the widow, in order that the Lord your God may bless you in all the work of your hands. 20 When you beat the olives off your olive tree, you are not to search through the branches again; that shall be left for the stranger, the orphan, and for the widow. 21 “When you gather the grapes of your vineyard, you are not to go over it again; that shall be left for the stranger, the orphan, and the widow.” (Deuteronomy 24:19-21)

“This is what the Lord says: “Do justice and righteousness, and save one who has been robbed from the power of his oppressor. And do not mistreat or do violence to the stranger, the orphan, or the widow; and do not shed innocent blood in this place.” (Jeremiah 22:3)

“For I was hungry, and you gave Me something to eat; I was thirsty, and you gave Me something to drink; I was a stranger, and you invited Me in;” (Matthew 25:35)

Kill them.

“and when the Lord your God turns them over to you and you defeat them, you shall utterly destroy them. You shall not make a covenant with them nor be gracious to them.” (Deuteronomy 7:2)

“So when the tabernacle is to move on, the Levites shall take it down; and when the tabernacle encamps, the Levites shall set it up. But the layman who comes near it shall be put to death.” (Numbers 1:51)

“So you shall appoint Aaron and his sons that they may keep their priesthood, but the layman who comes near shall be put to death.”” (Numbers 3:10)

“Now those who were to camp in front of the tabernacle eastward, in front of the tent of meeting toward the sunrise, were Moses and Aaron and his sons, performing the duties of the sanctuary for the obligation of the sons of Israel; but the layman coming near was to be put to death.” (Numbers 3:38)

“But you and your sons with you shall attend to your priesthood for everything that concerns the altar and inside the veil, and you are to perform service. I am giving you the priesthood as a service that is a gift, and the unauthorized person who comes near shall be put to death.”” (Numbers 18:7)

(All Scriptural quotation comes from the New American Standard Bible)

Here’s a closer look at whether or not there is a contradiction:

(more…)

Read Full Post »

bible_contradiction_resolved_who_appeared_to_moses_in_the_burning_bush

For today’s post we will tackle the question the Skeptic Annotated Bible asked: Who appeared to Moses in the burning bush?

Here are the two answers which the skeptic believes shows a Bible contradiction:

God

“When the Lord saw that he turned aside to look, God called to him from the midst of the bush and said, “Moses, Moses!” And he said, “Here I am.”” (Exodus 3:4)

“But regarding the fact that the dead rise, have you not read in the book of Moses, in the passage about the burning bush, how God spoke to him, saying, ‘I am the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob’?” (Mark 12:26)

An angel

“Then the angel of the Lord appeared to him in a blazing fire from the midst of a bush; and he looked, and behold, the bush was burning with fire, yet the bush was not being consumed.” ( Exodus 3:2)

“This Moses whom they disowned, saying, ‘Who made you a ruler and a judge?’ is the one whom God sent to be both a ruler and a deliverer with the help of the angel who appeared to him in the thorn bush.” (Acts 7:35)

(All Scriptural quotation comes from the New American Standard Bible)

Here’s a closer look at whether or not there is a contradiction:

(more…)

Read Full Post »

bible_contradiction_who_makes_people_deaf_and_blind_resolved

For today’s post we will tackle the question the Skeptic Annotated Bible asked: Who makes people deaf and blind?

Here are the two answers which the skeptic believes shows a Bible contradiction:

God

“But the Lord said to him, “Who has made the human mouth? Or who makes anyone unable to speak or deaf, or able to see or blind? Is it not I, the Lord?” (Exodus 4:11)

“As Jesus passed by, He saw a man who had been blind from birth. 2 And His disciples asked Him, “Rabbi, who sinned, this man or his parents, that he would be born blind?” 3 Jesus answered, “It was neither that this man sinned, nor his parents; but it was so that the works of God might be displayed in him.” (John 9:1-3)

Foul Spirits

“And one person from the crowd answered Him, “Teacher, I brought You my son, because he has a spirit that makes him unable to speak…25 When Jesus saw that a crowd was rapidly gathering, He rebuked the unclean spirit, saying to it, “You mute and deaf spirit, I command you, come out of him and do not enter him again!”” (Mark 9:17, 25)

(All Scriptural quotation comes from the New American Standard Bible)

Here’s a closer look at whether or not there is a contradiction:

(more…)

Read Full Post »

A wee-kid Wednesday book review, this afternoon we look at a Christian Children’s book we recommend for your family!

Hey Charleston

Anne Rockwell.  Hey, Charleston! Minneapolis, MN: Carolrhoda Books, January 1, 2013. 32 pp

5 out of 5

Purchase: Amazon

Want to read a book to your children or grandchildren of how God uses ordinary Christians to make a difference that can make a big impact in more than one area?  This book was a lot of fun for me to read to my kids, and specifically to read to them while I’m on vacation!

(more…)

Read Full Post »

A wee-kid Wednesday book review, this afternoon we look at a Christian Children’s book we recommend for your family!

 

David Pat. Jonah: God’s Love for All People.  Coppell, TX: Kindle Direct Publishing, January 21, 2021. 30 pp.

5 out of 5

Purchase: Amazon

Do you love the story of Jonah in the Minor Prophet in the Bible and want to share it to your child and let him or her learn about the lesson of Jonah?  This illustrated children’s book might be for you.

(more…)

Read Full Post »

When I was teaching overseas earlier this year I was asked by a seminary student of how would I point to Jesus in each chapter of the book of Jonah.

Here’s my answer.

(more…)

Read Full Post »

I imagine many Christians can increase their knowledge of the Minor Prophets.  Here’s a survey of the fifth book of the Minor Prophets: Jonah.

Purpose: We will look at the authorship, purpose, structure and other aspects of the book of Jonah so we would be more familiar with this part of the Bible and yearn to study it for ourselves.

(more…)

Read Full Post »

Are you like Peter or Jonah?

Let me explain.

(more…)

Read Full Post »

For today’s post we will tackle the question the Skeptic Annotated Bible asked: Who cast Jonah into the sea?

Here are the two answers which the skeptic believes shows a Bible contradiction:

The sailors

“So they picked up Jonah, threw him into the sea, and the sea stopped its raging.” (Jonah 1:15)

God

“For You had cast me into the deep, Into the heart of the seas, And the current engulfed me. All Your breakers and billows passed over me.” (Jonah 2:3)

(All Scriptural quotation comes from the New American Standard Bible)

Here’s a closer look at whether or not there is a contradiction:

(more…)

Read Full Post »

bible-contradiction-resolved-was-jonah-swallowed-by-a-fish-or-a-whale

Today’s post will tackle another question that the Skeptic Annotated Bible asked: “Was Lot Abraham’s brother or nephew?”

Here are the two answers which the skeptic believes shows a Bible contradiction:

Jonah was swallowed by a big fish.

And the Lord appointed a great fish to swallow Jonah, and Jonah was in the stomach of the fish three days and three nights. (Jonah 1:17)

Jonah was swallowed by a whale.

for just as Jonah was three days and three nights in the belly of the sea monster, so will the Son of Man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth. (Matthew 12:40)

(Note: Scriptural quotation comes from the New American Standard Bible)

Here’s a closer look at whether or not there is a contradiction:

(more…)

Read Full Post »

 For Exposition of Jonah Part 3 click HERE

81c8f9dd08c720e05b216fc2be7c86b3

Jonah 1:17-2:10

Introduction: Last week we looked at one verse in Jonah 1:16, and we asked the question: If you say you believe in God, does your attitude, action and words show this to be true?  We saw that if we truly believe in God, it would lead you to fear Him, offer your service to Him and keep your words to Him.  This week we will look at Jonah 1:17-2:10.

Establish the need: Have you ever sin so badly that you wonder if God will ever take you back again?  And what does a prayer of responding to God’s grace look like?

Oscar Wilde once put it, “It’s so easy to convert others, but oh so difficult to convert oneself.”

 Purpose: To see the four characteristics of what a prayer responding to God’s grace looks like so we can truly commune with God.

Background:

Jonah has been running away from God.

The last time we saw Jonah in chapter 1, he was thrown down to the sea.

What follows in chapter two is a Psalm/poetry.

Q: Why the shift to poetry?

A: All this time the narrative has been one action after another, but here we slow down in time to hear a prayer of Jonah.

According to verse 1, this is Jonah’s prayer to God while in the belly of a whale.

IRONY:

                Few words are recorded of Jonah the prophet speaks to people.

Most of Jonah’s words are spoken to God rather than people.

 

Jonah will teach us what a prayer to God will look like.  Let’s look at the Chiastic structure of this Psalm:

 

Great fish swallow (v.17)                                  -SUBSCRIPT (v.1)-

Jonah’s voice: Cry for help (v.2)

Forsaken: Jonah (v.3-4a)

Temple hope: Will look at it again (v.4b)

Dire circumstances and remembering the LORD (v.5-7a)

Temple hope: Now prayers are getting there (v.7b)

Forsaken: Idolators (v.8)

Jonah’s voice: Sing thanksgiving (v.9)

Great fish vomit (v.10)

OUTLINE

Grace driven prayer begins with remembering God in your trials (v.5-7a, 1:17)

Grace driven prayer desires God’s presence again (v.4, 7b)

Grace driven prayer confesses sin (v.3, 8)

Grace driven prayer involves involve our will (v.2, 9)

God’s mercy and salvation before our prayer of confession (v.17, 10)

 (NOTE: We will be going over points 1-3 in this post with next week focusing on points 4-5)

I. Grace driven prayer begins with remembering God in your trials (v.5-7a,1:17, 2:10)

Passage: “ Water encompassed me to the [f]point of death. The great deep [g]engulfed me, Weeds were wrapped around my head.“I descended to the roots of the mountains.  The earth with its bars was around me forever,But You have brought up my life from [h]the pit, O Lord my God.“While [i]I was fainting away, I remembered the Lord,”

Proof:

i.      Jonah’s difficulties

      1. Verse 5 indicates Jonah was surrounded by trouble.

Subject                        Action                                     Object             EXTENT       

“ Water                       encompassed                           me                          to the [f]point of death.

The great deep            engulfed                                  me,

Weeds                          were wrapped around             my head.

 a. These three lines are synonymous.

b. They convey the terrible and frightening scene of drowning.

c. Some of your version says “neck” instead of “head,” and the Hebrew word there is literally soul, but can refer to neck or head of a person that is the center of life.

2. Verse 6 indicates how down Jonah has gotten.

a. RECAP: Beginning in chapter 1, there’s been this theme of Jonah escaping God by going down.

b. “Descended” echoes the same verb used earlier of Jonah’s escape to Joppa and going on the bottom of the boat in 1:3, and in verse five.

c. Note the language conveying Jonah at the bottom:

i.      “the roots of the mountains.”

Jonah is going down to the bottom of the sea floor!

ii.      “the pit,”

            1. Translated elsewhere as pit, and one of several Old Testament terms for the underworld (Price, 45).
            2. It is where one goes after death according to Psalm 30:9 (Limburg, 68).

d. Yet there was hope (6b-7): “But You have brought up my life from [h]the pit, O Lord my God.“While [i]I was fainting away, I remembered the Lord,”

i.      “But You have brought up”—This points to a dramatic change in direction (Kohlenberger, 52).

ii.      This was done about by “O Lord my God

iii.      Just when Jonah was almost dead: ““While [i]I was fainting away, I remembered the Lord,” (v.7)

iv.      It is significant to note that Yahweh took the initiative in saving Jonah here first (Kohlenberger, 52).

v.      “Remembered” is more than just not forgetting, but act on the basis of a commitment (Kohlenberger, 52)!  Remember that God knows all things, and it shows more that we act upon our commitment as He did with the Hebrews in Egypt seeing their suffering and going to the Abrahamic Covenant in Exodus 2:23-25.

Practice:

i.      Note Jonah’s extreme trials that led Him to know the Lord.  What are the trials that God might be bringing into your life to turn Him back to Him?

ii.      Are you going through trials right now in your life?  Note the transition from verse 6 to verse 7 of Jonah shifting his focus at the circumstances to the Lord.

iii.      Be careful of misapplication: Don’t think you can just wait until you are about to faint into your death and then repent.  We are never promise tomorrow.

 

II. Grace driven prayer desires God’s presence again (v.4, 7b)

Passage:“So I said, ‘I have been expelled from [e]Your sight.”  Nevertheless I will look again toward Your holy temple.’”

AND

And my prayer came to You, into Your holy temple.”

Proof:

i.      Twice in this psalm, Jonah mentions God’s “holy temple.”  God’s Holy Temple is where God’s presence is.

ii.      Verse 4 begins with Jonah’s confession that he is currently away from God’s presence: ““So I said, ‘I have been expelled from [e]Your sight.

1. Literally, ““So I said, ‘I have been expelled from [e]Your eyes,”” with the phrase “eyes of the Lord/God” is frequently used in the Scriptures such as in Psalm 34:16-17 in reference to divine benevolence (Sasson, 178).

2. The verb “expelled” here is used only in two instances in the Old Testament, both in Psalm 78:55 and 80:8 to show that the nations were the ones cast off from God, but now used somewhat ironically, since this is what is happening to Jonah (Kohlenberger, 49).

iii.      Jonah here gets what he finally wanted: escape from God’s presence, but does he like it?

iv.      The second half of verse 4 signals a transition of Jonah’s desire with the word “Nevertheless.”

v.      NASB translates “will look again toward Your holy temple,” but I would translate from the Hebrew “I want to look again toward Your holy temple,” to bring the idea of Jonah’s wish because of the Hebrew imperfect.

vi.      Does God hears Jonah’s wish to be back before God’s presence?

Answer: After Jonah remembers the LORD in his troubles, he said these words in verse 7b, “And my prayer came to You, into Your holy temple.”

Picture: A friend of mine got into an argument with his father and it was really bad.  Finally, after several weeks of awkwardness, he calls his father and says he’s sorry.  As he shared with me his remorse, I think we can say that if you were to listen in to him speak, you would say, there’s sign of true repentance because he saw what he did was wrong, and also because he wanted to restore that relationship and presence of his father.  The same also with us and God, if we are going to really pray to him to repent of our sins.

Practice:

i.      When you pray to God and confess your sins, do you do it mechanically?  Do you do it automatically with no feelings of remorse?

ii.      One of the quickest way of knowing your prayers of repentance is genuine is to see if you spend more time after confessing of sins, to talk to Him in prayer about other things, and also if you find time to absolutely adore and worship God!

 

III. Grace driven prayer confesses sin (v.3, 8)

Point: Confession means admitting that the other person’s perspective is correct.  In this case, confessing our sins to God means you will see your sins the way God sees it.

Passage:“For You had cast me into the deep,Into the heart of the seas, And the current [d]engulfed me. All Your breakers and billows passed over me.”

AND

“Those who regard [j]vain idols Forsake their faithfulness,”

Proof:

i.      Both section, verses 3 and 8, discusses about being forsaken.

ii.      Verse 8 gives this pronouncement: ““Those who regard [j]vain idols Forsake their faithfulness,”

      1. vain idols

Not just idols, but anything that takes the place of God is a sin!

2. “Forsake their faithfulness,

Some of your version will say loving kindness instead, and it refers to God’s enduring love in passages such as Psalm 110:5 and 106:1 (Limburg, 70).

iii.      In verse 3, Jonah gives a vivid description of how he is forsaken by God.  Thus, he’s saying that he’s among those who had forsaken God and himself also a sinner.

      1. “For You had cast me
        1. Again, another throwing verb appears in Jonah, showing the theme of Jonah going down away from God.
        2. This particular verb is used in the Old Testament in places like Psalm 51:11, 102:10 as a punitive separation from God’s presence (Kohlenberger, 49).
      2. Note the language of abandonment of where Jonah was at.

Practice:

Learn to identify false apologies and real apologies to God:

False apologies:
  • Is not concern with God’s perspective or what God’s Word has to say about the matter.
  • make excuses for yourself
  • shift the focus and responsibility off you and place them onto the listener (or God)
  • imply that the victim or God is being unreasonable or oversensitive
  • blame the one who was hurt or God Himself for the matter
  • often include the word “but”
Real apologies:
  • acknowledge other’s perspective
  • take responsibility without excuses
  • agree with God’s perspective
  • do not include the word “but”

Picture:  Here are some of the ridiculous words people say to apologize when they really are not sorry:

 FORMER PRESIDENT: “If the remarks on the tape left anyone with the impression that I was disrespectful to either Governor Cuomo or Italian-Americans, then I deeply regret it.”

A typical scenario: “I am sorry that what I said offended you.  Next time, I’ll keep my thought to myself.  By now, you should know that I have the tendency to say the truth as it is.  I’m like the kind of guy that gets in trouble when the wife ask, “Honey, does this dress makes me look fat.”

We will continue Chapter two next week.

 NEXT: Exposition of Jonah Part 5

Read Full Post »