1) Abuses of Exposition
a) Non-expostion: Preaching the same content over and over again, regardless of the text.
b) Preaching the same point week after week.
c) The preacher who implements non-exposition does not attempt to convey that passage’s true meaning.
a) Non-contexted sermon—This is when Scripture is wrenched from its surrounding context and mistakenly applied.
i) (Preacher used Revelation 11:10 as a Christmas text). Revelation does not sound like merry Christmas.
b) Lensed sermon—The preacher sees every text through the lens of a favorite theme. This lens could be therapeutic, political, chauvinistic, social, domestic, etc.
c) Moralized sermon—This is when the preacher makes the sermon a personal and professional goal as the center of the sermon. The sermon should not be about professional goals, but should be about imitating Christ.
d) Doctrinalized sermon—This is when the Scriptures are used as proof-texts for the doctrinal preferences of the preacher. We should not have a particular leaning outside of Scripture.
e) Silenced sermon—Preaching on details that Scripture does not teach.
f) We need to be careful with a psychologized gospel. The gospel must not be reduced to a salvific message of self-esteem, sin to maladjustment, church to group therapy.
3) Logos (Preacher’s Convictions about Scripture)
a) The preacher must believe in the authority of Scripture, inerrancy of Scripture, sufficiency of Scripture, infallibility of Scripture, and recognize the inseparability of the Word and the Holy Spirit (2 Timothy 3:16).
i) Authority of Scripture
(1) There is no exposition apart from an exalted view of the Scripture.
(2) Some neglect Biblical authority because they are slothful.
(3) Some do not believe in the potency of the Word. This causes one to neglect biblical authority.
ii) Believe in its Inerrancy
iv) Believe in its Sufficiency
(1) Sufficiency is not enough by itself. He must whole-heartedly believe in it. He needs to embrace its claim.
(2)He must exemplify Jesus’ meditation on the Word. Jesus meditated on the words when He was tempted.
(3)Potency—Must believe in the power of God. God’s word is like a knife that cuts through butter.
4) Inseparability of the Word and the Holy Spirit.
a) God’s word and Spirit go together (see Genesis1-3; Psalm 33:6; Isaiah 61:1; Luke 4:18; John 3:34; John 6:63; 1 Timothy 3:16)
5) Historical Value of Exposition.
a) Apostle’s valued exposition.
b) Calvin and other men of the faith in history valued exposition.
6) The Advantages of Exposition
a) You preach a text that you would not volunteer to preach.
b) You do not have to wonder around on Saturday night trying to figure out what to preach because the text is before you.
c) You grow as a theologian because of systematic biblical exposition.
d) Expository preaching keeps you subject to the text. This forces you to look to Scripture.
e) Expository preaching gives you confidence to preach with a “Thus saith the Lord.”
f) You will have confidence that when the Word is opened the Spirit speaks.
7) Ethos: An Expositor’s Integrity
a) You are what you are. Your biblical character flows out when preaching with truth.
b) Preacher’s character is fundamental.
c) Truth will not come merely from the lips, but the person.
d) “What a man is in secret, in these private duties, that he is in the eyes of God, and no more” (John Owen).
8) Preacher’s peril
a) Have you eaten the Bread of Life before offering it to others?
b) There is a danger when the preacher preaching is not experiencing the power of truth in his heart.
c) Our hearts need to be sanctified.
d) Christianity should impact our affections that shape our fears, hopes, love, hatreds, desires, joys, sorrows, gratitude’s, compassions, zeal, etc. If this does not take place, then this becomes a peril for a preacher.
9) Pathos: A Pastor’s Passion
a) Godly passion is necessary.
b) Our passion should not be in word only, but we also need to have conviction towards the Scriptures.
c) For Paul, his passion was seen through preaching and weeping.
10) Passion and Personality
a) Thomas Chalmers, Charles Spurgeon, Martyn-Lloyd Jones; to name but a few, had a blood earnestness mentality when preaching. They understood people’s souls were on the balance.
b) Preacher’s heart must be alive
11) Goal of Preaching
a) Glorify God.
b) To be complete in Christ.
i) Colossians 1:28, “We proclaim Him, admonishing every man and teaching every man with all wisdom, so that we may present every man complete in Christ” (NASB).